Topics in Current Chemistry

, 375:82 | Cite as

Sulfur-Containing Agrochemicals

Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Sulfur Chemistry

Abstract

Modern agricultural chemistry has to support farmers by providing innovative agrochemicals. In this context, the introduction of sulfur atoms into an active ingredient is still an important tool in modulating the properties of new crop-protection compounds. More than 30% of today’s agrochemicals contain at least one sulfur atom, mainly in fungicides, herbicides and insecticides. A number of recently developed sulfur-containing agrochemical candidates represent a novel class of chemical compounds with new modes of action, so we intend to highlight the emerging interest in commercially active sulfur-containing compounds. This chapter gives a comprehensive overview of selected leading sulfur-containing pesticidal chemical families namely: sulfonylureas, sulfonamides, sulfur-containing heterocyclics, thioureas, sulfides, sulfones, sulfoxides and sulfoximines. Also, the most suitable large-scale synthetic methods of the recently launched or provisionally approved sulfur-containing agrochemicals from respective chemical families have been highlighted.

Keywords

Agrochemicals Crop protection Sulfur Synthesis Mode of action 

Abbreviations

AHAS

Acetohydroxyacid synthase

GABA

γ-Aminobutyric acid

BOC

t-Butyloxycarbonyl

mCPBA

meta-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid

DBU

1,8-Diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene

DCC

N,N’-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide

DHPS

7,8-Dihydro-preroate synthetase

DMAP

4-Dimethylaminopyridine

FRAC

Fungicide Resistance Action Committee

GUP

General use pesticide

HRAC

Herbicide resistance Action Committee

HPPD

4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase

IRAC

Insecticide Resistance Action Committee

ISO

International Standardization Organization

LDA

Lithium diisopropylamide

MOA

Mode of action

nAchRs

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors

PPO

Protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase

SDHI

Succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor

TEA

Triethylamine

VLCFA

Very long chain fatty acid

WSSA

Weed Science Society of America

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support from Natinal Key R&D Program (2017YFD0200507) and National Science Foundation of China (No. 21332004) is greatfully acknowledged.

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Pesticide and Chemical Biology of Ministry of Education, College of ChemistryCentral China Normal UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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