Topics in Current Chemistry

, 375:18 | Cite as

Advances in Production and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes

Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Preparation, Property and Application

Abstract

Recent decades have witnessed many breakthroughs in research on carbon nanotubes (CNTs), particularly regarding controllable synthesis, production scale-up, and application advances for this material. This sp 2-bonded nanocarbon uniquely combines extreme mechanical strength, exceptionally high electrical conductivity, as well as many other superior properties, making it highly attractive for fundamental research and industrial applications. Synthesis and mass production form the solid basis for high-volume applications of CNTs. During recent decades, CNT production capacity has reached more than thousands of tons per year, greatly decreasing the price of CNTs. Although the unique physiochemical properties of an individual CNT are stated repeatedly, manifestation of such unique properties in a macroscopic material, e.g., realization of high-strength CNT fibers, remains a great challenge. If such challenges are solved, many critical applications will be enabled. Herein we review the critical progress in the development of synthesis and scaled-up production methods for CNTs, and discuss advances in their applications. Scientific problems and technological challenges are discussed together.

Keywords

Carbon nanotube Mass production Application advances 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We greatly appreciate the reviewers’ constructive comments. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21306102 and 21422604, Prof. F. Wei), and partially by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51502347, Dr. X. Jia).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Chemical Reaction Engineering and Technology, Department of Chemical EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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