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, 374:75 | Cite as

The Role of Ultrasound on Advanced Oxidation Processes

  • Sundaram Ganesh Babu
  • Muthupandian Ashokkumar
  • Bernaurdshaw Neppolian
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Sonochemistry: From basic principles to innovative applications

Abstract

This chapter describes the use of ultrasound in remediation of wastewater contaminated with organic pollutants in the absence and presence of other advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) such as sonolysis, sono-ozone process, sonophotocatalysis, sonoFenton systems and sonophoto-Fenton methods in detail. All these methods are explained with the suitable literature illustrations. In most of the cases, hybrid AOPs (combination of ultrasound with one or more AOPs) resulted in superior efficacy to that of individual AOP. The advantageous effects such as additive and synergistic effects obtained by operating the hybrid AOPs are highlighted with appropriate examples. It is worth to mention here that the utilization of ultrasound is not only restricted in preparation of modern active catalysts but also extensively used for the wastewater treatment. Interestingly, ultrasound coupled AOPs are operationally simple, efficient, and environmentally benign, and can be readily applied for large scale industrial processes which make them economically viable.

Keywords

Ultrasound Advanced oxidation processes Sonophoto process SonoFenton process Additive effect Synergetic effect 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sundaram Ganesh Babu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Muthupandian Ashokkumar
    • 3
  • Bernaurdshaw Neppolian
    • 1
  1. 1.SRM Research InstituteSRM UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering, Centre for Catalysis Research and c*change (DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in Catalysis)University of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  3. 3.School of ChemistryUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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