Energy, Ecology and Environment

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 137–148 | Cite as

State of the art of polymeric nanoparticles as carrier systems with agricultural applications: a minireview

  • Mônica Pascoli
  • Patrícia Juliana Lopes-Oliveira
  • Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto
  • Amedea Barozzi Seabra
  • Halley Caixeta Oliveira
Original Article


Polymeric nanoparticles have been developed as carrier systems for agrochemicals aimed at pest control and increased crop yields. This minireview summarizes the recent progress and challenges in the design and application of polymeric nanoparticles loaded with herbicides, fungicides, insecticides and plant growth regulators. The many advantages of these nanoagrochemicals are discussed including: (1) the availability, biocompatibility and biodegradability of many polymers, (2) the decreased impact on non-target organisms, (3) the protection of the active compounds against degradation, (4) their increased solubility, (5) modified release, and (6) an improved efficacy of the active ingredients. We also discuss the major gaps and obstacles in this area, such as the large-scale production of these systems and the need for investigations of the toxicity to non-target organisms.


Agrochemicals Nanotechnology Pesticide Plant growth regulator Polymers 



Poly(γ-glutamic acid)


Gibberellic acid


Lethal concentration 50%


Nitric oxide


Poly(citric acid)




Polyethylene glycol


Polyglutamic acid or polyglycolides


Plant growth regulators




Poly(vinyl alcohol)


S-Nitroso-mercaptosuccinic acid



The authors would like to thank Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (PJLO) and São Paulo State Science Foundation (ABS, 2016/10347-6; LFF, 2015/15617-9; MO, 2015/17120-4). The authors also thank Proof-Reading-Service for the English revision of the text.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all author, the corresponding authors states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Joint Center on Global Change and Earth System Science of the University of Maryland and Beijing Normal University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mônica Pascoli
    • 1
  • Patrícia Juliana Lopes-Oliveira
    • 2
  • Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto
    • 1
  • Amedea Barozzi Seabra
    • 3
  • Halley Caixeta Oliveira
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Environmental Nanotechnology, Institute of Science and Technology of Sorocaba (ICTS)São Paulo State University (UNESP)SorocabaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Animal and Plant BiologyUniversidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL)LondrinaBrazil
  3. 3.Center for Natural and Human SciencesUniversidade Federal do ABC (UFABC)Santo AndréBrazil

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