Progress in Additive Manufacturing

, Volume 3, Issue 1–2, pp 87–93 | Cite as

Cybersecurity risks and mitigation strategies in additive manufacturing

  • Anudeep Padmanabhan
  • Jing Zhang
Review Article


Cybersecurity is a critical issue in additive manufacturing (AM), since AM relies on digital files and network connectivity. In this work, we first review several major cybersecurity risks and mitigation strategies in AM industry. Based on the review, we propose a new framework to detect threats and assess vulnerabilities in AM process. We also suggest a new technique of encrypting 3D model information using 2D images which may provide enhanced cybersecurity in AM process.


Additive manufacturing 3D printing Cybersecurity Cyberattack 



JZ acknowledges the financial support provided by Walmart Foundation (project title: Optimal Plastic Injection Molding Tooling Design and Production through Advanced Additive Manufacturing).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Energy EngineeringIndiana University-Purdue University IndianapolisIndianapolisUSA

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