Effects of glass fiber size and content on microstructures and properties of KNO3-based water-soluble salt core for high pressure die casting

Abstract

The water-soluble salt core with higher bending strength and toughness is necessary to withstand the high pressure needed to manufacture some complex parts by high pressure die casting (HPDC). In this paper, the effects of glass fiber size and content on microstructures and properties of KNO3-based (KNO3-30 mol%KCl) water-soluble salt core were systematically studied. The results showed that increasing the glass fiber content greatly improved the bending strength and impact toughness of the KNO3-based salt core, decreased the water solubility rate and increased the humidity resistance. In addition, increasing the glass fiber size sharply enhanced the impact toughness of the KNO3-based salt core, while decreasing the bending strength, water solubility rate and humidity resistance. The maximum bending strength and impact toughness of the reinforced KNO3-based salt core with the glass fiber were, respectively, 41.32 ± 0.38 MPa and 2.146 ± 0.108 kJ/m2, which were 55.9% and 315.1% higher than those of the unreinforced KNO3-based salt core, respectively. The microstructures show that the glass fibers were evenly distributed in the KNO3-based salt core, which significantly refined the KCl primary phases, especially for the 12.5-μm glass fiber. Meanwhile, many fiber pull-out holes were observed in the KNO3-based salt cores with 75-μm and 25-μm glass fiber. The grain refinement, fiber pull-out and crack deflection were the main mechanism for improving the strength and toughness of the KNO3-based salt core.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support received from the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 51775204), the National MCF Energy R&D Program (No. 2018YFE0313300) and the Research Project of the State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould Technology and the Analytical and Testing Center, Huazhong University of Science and Technology.

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Correspondence to Wenming Jiang or Zitian Fan.

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Gong, X., Jiang, W., Liu, F. et al. Effects of glass fiber size and content on microstructures and properties of KNO3-based water-soluble salt core for high pressure die casting. Inter Metalcast (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40962-020-00480-9

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Keywords

  • salt core
  • potassium nitrate
  • glass fiber
  • water-soluble
  • high pressure die casting (HPDC)
  • bending strength
  • impact toughness
  • microstructure characteristics