Three-Dimensional Analysis of Uplift Behaviour of Square Horizontal Anchor Plate in Frictional Soil

  • Awdhesh Kumar Choudhary
  • Bhardwaj Pandit
  • G. L. Sivakumar Babu
Original Paper


The paper examines the response of square horizontal anchor plate in frictional soil using three-dimensional analysis. The present numerical model is found to closely predict the experimental uplift pressure–displacement relationship. The ultimate uplift load of anchor plate is found to be significantly influenced by its embedment depth, anchor plate size and properties of the fill sand. Elastic modulus of sand has significant effect on the initial slope of the pressure–displacement responses. However, the elastic modulus has marginal effect on the ultimate capacity of anchor plate. The performance of anchor plate is found to increase by 1.8 times with increase in dilation angle of sand from ψ = 0 to ψ = ϕ in dense sand. The scale effect on the performance of anchor plate is found to be marginal for anchor size in the range of 0.5 m × 0.5 m to 1 m × 1 m. The results obtained from the present numerical investigation agree well with the results reported in literature for similar cases.


Uplift capacity Square anchor plate Numerical model Sand FLAC3D 



The authors gratefully acknowledged the financial support provided to the first author by DST-SERB, India under the National Post-Doctoral Fellowship (NPDF) scheme of file number: PDF/20l6/002651 at the Department of Civil Engineering, IISc Bangalore. The authors are thankful to the anonymous reviewers for their valuable review comments and suggestions which have enhanced the presentations of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Awdhesh Kumar Choudhary
    • 1
  • Bhardwaj Pandit
    • 1
  • G. L. Sivakumar Babu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Science BangaloreBangaloreIndia

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