Evaluation of resistance and tolerance of rice genotypes from crosses of Oryza glaberrima and O. sativa to the rice root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne graminicola

  • Ma. Teodora Nadong Cabasan
  • Arvind Kumar
  • Dirk De Waele
Original Article
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Abstract

Resistance and tolerance to Meloidogyne graminicola infection of introgressed rice genotypes derived from crosses between M. graminicola-resistant Oryza glaberrima genotype CG14 and -susceptible O. sativa genotype IR64 were evaluated in an indoor growth chamber and outdoor raised beds. None of the 44 introgressed genotypes: 24 first backcross F2 generation (BC1F2) and 20 first backcross F3 generation (BC1F3) evaluated did express the same level of resistance as the resistant O. glaberrima reference genotypes included in the experiments for comparison. Lower nematode multiplication factor on the BC1F3 genotypes suggests that M. graminicola resistance trait segregated among the 3rd generation progeny of the backcross population. The majority of the introgressed genotypes were susceptible and sensitive to M. graminicola infection, some genotypes were susceptible but tolerant and few were both resistant and tolerant to nematode infection. Several genotypes with resistance and/or tolerance to M. graminicola were identified that could either be further developed into advanced breeding lines to produce resistant and/or tolerant cultivars or in the short-term developed into M. graminicola-resistant and/or –tolerant cultivars for use by resource-poor farmers.

Keywords

Plant traits Resistance Rice breeding Susceptibility Tolerance Yield loss 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by a Flemish Interuniversity Council (VLIR-UOS) Ph.D. scholarship to MTN Cabasan. The authors would like to thank the Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biotechnology Division (PBGB) and Crop and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) of IRRI for the seeds, equipment, facilities and assistance in conducting the experiments.

Supplementary material

40858_2018_210_MOESM1_ESM.docx (22 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 22 kb)

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Copyright information

© Sociedade Brasileira de Fitopatologia 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ma. Teodora Nadong Cabasan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Arvind Kumar
    • 2
  • Dirk De Waele
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratory of Tropical Crop Improvement, Department of Biosystems, Faculty of Bioscience EngineeringUniversity of Leuven (KU Leuven)HeverleeBelgium
  2. 2.International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)Metro ManilaPhilippines
  3. 3.Department of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and SciencesUniversity of Southern MindanaoCotabatoPhilippines
  4. 4.Unit for Environmental Sciences and ManagementNorth-West UniversityPotchefstroomSouth Africa

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