Science China Materials

, Volume 61, Issue 5, pp 653–670 | Cite as

Conducting polymer-based peroxidase mimics: synthesis, synergistic enhanced properties and applications

  • Zezhou Yang (杨泽洲)
  • Ce Wang (王策)
  • Xiaofeng Lu (卢晓峰)


The concept of artificial enzymes has been proposed for a long time and a large variety of materials have been exploited in enzyme-like catalytic field for decades. The emergence of nanotechnology provides increasing opportunities for the development of artificial enzymes. Conducting polymer-based nanocomposites are a new type of burgeoning functional materials as enzyme mimics owing to their numerous functional groups, excellent electrical conductivity and redox properties. This review summarizes the recent progress of the synthesis of conducting polymers and their nanocomposites, as well as their applications as efficient peroxidase mimics. After a brief description of the development of conducting polymers, we specifically introduce the fabrication of conducting polymers and their nanocomposites via diverse approaches and show the enhanced peroxidase-like catalytic properties. In addition, the mechanism of the enhanced catalytic efficiency of the conducting polymer-based nanocomposites has been proposed. Finally, we highlight the applications of such conducting polymer-based nanocomposites in the sensitive detection of different types of substances. It is anticipated that this review will pave the way for developing more intriguing functional nanomaterials as enzyme mimics, which shows promising applications in a great many technological fields.


conducting polymers artificial enzymes peroxidase mimics nanocomposite synergistic effect 

导电高分子基类过氧化物酶: 制备、 协同增强性质及其应用


人工模拟酶的概念已经提出了很长时间. 近几十年来, 许多材料已经被应用于模拟酶催化领域. 纳米技术的出现给模拟酶的发展提供了越来越多的机会. 由于其众多的官能团、 优异的导电性和氧化还原性质, 导电高分子基纳米复合材料逐渐成为一类新兴的模拟酶功能材料. 本综述介绍了导电高分子及其纳米复合材料的合成以及作为高效类过氧化物酶的应用进展. 在简要介绍导电高分子的发展之后, 我们特别讨论了通过不同方法制备导电高分子及其纳米复合材料, 并且展示了它们增强的类过氧化物酶催化性能. 此外, 我们还提出了导电高分子基纳米复合材料催化效率增强的机理. 最后, 我们强调了这种导电高分子基纳米复合材料在高灵敏检测领域的应用. 本综述为发展更有趣的功能模拟酶纳米材料提供了参考, 这类材料在很多技术领域具有广阔的应用前景.



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51473065, 51773075 and 21474043).


  1. 1.
    Shirakawa H. The discovery of polyacetylene film: the dawning of an era of conducting polymers. Curr Appl Phys, 2001, 1: 281–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    MacDiarmid AG. “Synthetic metals”: a novel role for organic polymers (Nobel Lecture). Angew Chem Int Ed, 2001, 40: 2581–2590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Heeger AJ. Semiconducting and metallic polymers: the fourth generation of polymeric materials (Nobel Lecture). Angew Chem Int Ed, 2001, 40: 2591–2611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Stenger-Smith JD. Intrinsically electrically conducting polymers. Synthesis, characterization, and their applications. Prog Polymer Sci, 1998, 23: 57–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bhadra S, Khastgir D, Singha NK, et al. Progress in preparation, processing and applications of polyaniline. Prog Polymer Sci, 2009, 34: 783–810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Huang J, Kaner RB. The intrinsic nanofibrillar morphology of polyaniline. Chem Commun, 2006, 7: 367–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wan M. A template-free method towards conducting polymer nanostructures. Adv Mater, 2008, 20: 2926–2932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wan M. Some issues related to polyaniline micro-/nanostructures. Macromol Rapid Commun, 2009, 30: 963–975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li D, Huang J, Kaner RB. Polyaniline nanofibers: a unique polymer nanostructure for versatile applications. Acc Chem Res, 2009, 42: 135–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tran HD, Li D, Kaner RB. One-dimensional conducting polymer nanostructures: bulk synthesis and applications. Adv Mater, 2009, 21: 1487–1499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li C, Bai H, Shi G. Conducting polymer nanomaterials: electrosynthesis and applications. Chem Soc Rev, 2009, 38: 2397–2409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Long YZ, Li MM, Gu C, et al. Recent advances in synthesis, physical properties and applications of conducting polymer nanotubes and nanofibers. Prog Polymer Sci, 2011, 36: 1415–1442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ghosh S, Maiyalagan T, Basu RN. Nanostructured conducting polymers for energy applications: towards a sustainable platform. Nanoscale, 2016, 8: 6921–6947CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Baker CO, Huang X, Nelson W, et al. Polyaniline nanofibers: broadening applications for conducting polymers. Chem Soc Rev, 2017, 46: 1510–1525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhang X, Goux WJ, Manohar SK. Synthesis of polyaniline nanofibers by “nanofiber seeding”. J Am Chem Soc, 2004, 126: 4502–4503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lu X, Mao H, Chao D, et al. Fabrication of polyaniline nanostructures under ultrasonic irradiation: from nanotubes to nanofibers. Macromol Chem Phys, 2006, 207: 2142–2152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pud A, Ogurtsov N, Korzhenko A, et al. Some aspects of preparation methods and properties of polyaniline blends and composites with organic polymers. Prog Polymer Sci, 2003, 28: 1701–1753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hatchett DW, Josowicz M. Composites of intrinsically conducting polymers as sensing nanomaterials. Chem Rev, 2008, 108: 746–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lu X, Zhang W, Wang C, et al. One-dimensional conducting polymer nanocomposites: Synthesis, properties and applications. Prog Polymer Sci, 2011, 36: 671–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Han J, Wang M, Hu Y, et al. Conducting polymer-noble metal nanoparticle hybrids: Synthesis mechanism application. Prog Polymer Sci, 2017, 70: 52–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Qu G, Cheng J, Li X, et al. A fiber supercapacitor with high energy density based on hollow graphene/conducting polymer fiber electrode. Adv Mater, 2016, 28: 3646–3652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Li L, Shi Y, Pan L, et al. Rational design and applications of conducting polymer hydrogels as electrochemical biosensors. J Mater Chem B, 2015, 3: 2920–2930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shi Y, Peng L, Ding Y, et al. Nanostructured conductive polymers for advanced energy storage. Chem Soc Rev, 2015, 44: 6684–6696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Shi Y, Yu G. Designing hierarchically nanostructured conductive polymer gels for electrochemical energy storage and conversion. Chem Mater, 2016, 28: 2466–2477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhao F, Shi Y, Pan L, et al. Multifunctional nanostructured conductive polymer gels: synthesis, properties, and applications. Acc Chem Res, 2017, 50: 1734–1743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhang L, Du W, Nautiyal A, et al. Recent progress on nanostructured conducting polymers and composites: synthesis, application and future aspects. Sci China Mater, 2018, 61: 303–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mateo C, Palomo JM, Fernandez-Lorente G, et al. Improvement of enzyme activity, stability and selectivity via immobilization techniques. Enzyme Microbial Tech, 2007, 40: 1451–1463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yang H, Li J, Shin HD, et al. Molecular engineering of industrial enzymes: recent advances and future prospects. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 2014, 98: 23–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wolfenden R, Snider MJ. The depth of chemical time and the power of enzymes as catalysts. Acc Chem Res, 2001, 34: 938–945CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Breslow R. Biomimetic chemistry and artificial enzymes: catalysis by design. Acc Chem Res, 1995, 28: 146–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Dong Z, Luo Q, Liu J. Artificial enzymes based on supramolecular scaffolds. Chem Soc Rev, 2012, 41: 7890–7908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wei H, Wang E. Nanomaterials with enzyme-like characteristics (nanozymes): next-generation artificial enzymes. Chem Soc Rev, 2013, 42: 6060–6093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Lin Y, Ren J, Qu X. Catalytically active nanomaterials: a promising candidate for artificial enzymes. Acc Chem Res, 2014, 47: 1097–1105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lin Y, Ren J, Qu X. Nano-gold as artificial enzymes: hidden talents. Adv Mater, 2014, 26: 4200–4217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    He W, Wamer W, Xia Q, et al. Enzyme-like activity of nanomaterials. J Environ Sci Health Part C, 2014, 32: 186–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Yang B, Li J, Deng H, et al. Progress of mimetic enzymes and their applications in chemical sensors. Critical Rev Anal Chem, 2016, 46: 469–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Gao Y, Zhao F, Wang Q, et al. Small peptide nanofibers as the matrices of molecular hydrogels for mimicking enzymes and enhancing the activity of enzymes. Chem Soc Rev, 2010, 39: 3425–3433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ariga K, Ji Q, Mori T, et al. Enzyme nanoarchitectonics: organization and device application. Chem Soc Rev, 2013, 42: 6322–6345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Kuah E, Toh S, Yee J, et al. Enzyme mimics: advances and applications. Chem Eur J, 2016, 22: 8404–8430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Yuan F, Zhao H, Zang H, et al. Three-dimensional graphene supported bimetallic nanocomposites with DNA regulated-flexibly switchable peroxidase-like activity. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016, 8: 9855–9864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Tao Y, Ju E, Ren J, et al. Polypyrrole nanoparticles as promising enzyme mimics for sensitive hydrogen peroxide detection. Chem Commun, 2014, 50: 3030–3032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Chi M, Nie G, Jiang Y, et al. Self-assembly fabrication of coaxial Te@poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) nanocables and their conversion to Pd@poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) nanocables with a high peroxidase-like activity. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016, 8: 1041–1049CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Liu M, Li B, Cui X. Anionic polythiophene derivative as peroxidase mimetics and their application for detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose. Talanta, 2013, 115: 837–841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Xia Y, Xiong Y, Lim B, et al. Shape-controlled synthesis of metal nanocrystals: simple chemistry meets complex physics? Angew Chem Int Ed, 2009, 48: 60–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Zhang H, Jin M, Xia Y. Noble-metal nanocrystals with concave surfaces: synthesis and applications. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2012, 51: 7656–7673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Quan Z, Wang Y, Fang J. High-index faceted noble metal nanocrystals. Acc Chem Res, 2013, 46: 191–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Cui CH, Yu SH. Engineering interface and surface of noble metal nanoparticle nanotubes toward enhanced catalytic activity for fuel cell applications. Acc Chem Res, 2013, 46: 1427–1437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Guo S, Wang E. Noble metal nanomaterials: Controllable synthesis and application in fuel cells and analytical sensors. Nano Today, 2011, 6: 240–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Wu B, Zheng N. Surface and interface control of noble metal nanocrystals for catalytic and electrocatalytic applications. Nano Today, 2013, 8: 168–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Jv Y, Li B, Cao R. Positively-charged gold nanoparticles as peroxidiase mimic and their application in hydrogen peroxide and glucose detection. Chem Commun, 2010, 46: 8017–8019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Ju Y, Kim J. Dendrimer-encapsulated Pt nanoparticles with peroxidase- mimetic activity as biocatalytic labels for sensitive colorimetric analyses. Chem Commun, 2015, 51: 13752–13755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Ge S, Liu W, Liu H, et al. Colorimetric detection of the flux of hydrogen peroxide released from living cells based on the high peroxidase-like catalytic performance of porous PtPd nanorods. Biosens Bioelectron, 2015, 71: 456–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Liu M, Zhao H, Chen S, et al. Stimuli-responsive peroxidase mimicking at a smart graphene interface. Chem Commun, 2012, 48: 7055–7057CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Liu M, Zhao H, Chen S, et al. Interface engineering catalytic graphene for smart colorimetric biosensing. ACS Nano, 2012, 6: 3142–3151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Liu X, Li L, Ye M, et al. Polyaniline:poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate)- stabilized gold nanoparticles as efficient, versatile catalysts. Nanoscale, 2014, 6: 5223–5229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Song W, Chi M, Gao M, et al. Self-assembly directed synthesis of Au nanorices induced by polyaniline and their enhanced peroxidase- like catalytic properties. J Mater Chem C, 2017, 5: 7465–7471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Gao L, Zhuang J, Nie L, et al. Intrinsic peroxidase-like activity of ferromagnetic nanoparticles. Nat Nanotechnol, 2007, 2: 577–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    André R, Natálio F, Humanes M, et al. V2O5 nanowires with an intrinsic peroxidase-like activity. Adv Funct Mater, 2011, 21: 501–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Mu J, Wang Y, Zhao M, et al. Intrinsic peroxidase-like activity and catalase-like activity of Co3O4 nanoparticles. Chem Commun, 2012, 48: 2540–2542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Chen W, Chen J, Feng YB, et al. Peroxidase-like activity of watersoluble cupric oxide nanoparticles and its analytical application for detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose. Analyst, 2012, 137: 1706–1712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Jiao X, Song H, Zhao H, et al. Well-redispersed ceria nanoparticles: Promising peroxidase mimetics for H2O2 and glucose detection. Anal Methods, 2012, 4: 3261–3267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Zhang L, Han L, Hu P, et al. TiO2 nanotube arrays: intrinsic peroxidase mimetics. Chem Commun, 2013, 49: 10480–10482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Nie G, Zhang L, Lei J, et al. Monocrystalline VO2 (B) nanobelts: large-scale synthesis, intrinsic peroxidase-like activity and application in biosensing. J Mater Chem A, 2014, 2: 2910–2914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Jiang Y, Nie G, Chi M, et al. Synergistic effect of ternary electrospun TiO2/Fe2O3/PPy composite nanofibers on peroxidase-like mimics with enhanced catalytic performance. RSC Adv, 2016, 6: 31107–31113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Chi M, Zhu Y, Yang Z, et al. Strongly coupled CeO2/Co3O4/poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) nanofibers with enhanced nanozyme activity for highly sensitive colorimetric detection. Nanotechnology, 2017, 28: 295704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Dai Z, Liu S, Bao J, et al. Nanostructured FeS as a mimic peroxidase for biocatalysis and biosensing. Chem Eur J, 2009, 15: 4321–4326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Dutta AK, Das S, Samanta S, et al. CuS nanoparticles as a mimic peroxidase for colorimetric estimation of human blood glucose level. Talanta, 2013, 107: 361–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Lin T, Zhong L, Guo L, et al. Seeing diabetes: visual detection of glucose based on the intrinsic peroxidase-like activity of MoS2 nanosheets. Nanoscale, 2014, 6: 11856–11862CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Yang H, Zha J, Zhang P, et al. Sphere-like CoS with nanostructures as peroxidase mimics for colorimetric determination of H2O2 and mercury ions. RSC Adv, 2016, 6: 66963–66970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Lu XF, Bian XJ, Li ZC, et al. A facile strategy to decorate Cu9S5 nanocrystals on polyaniline nanowires and their synergetic catalytic properties. Sci Rep, 2013, 3: 2955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Lei J, Lu X, Nie G, et al. One-pot synthesis of algae-like MoS2/PPy nanocomposite: a synergistic catalyst with superior peroxidaselike catalytic activity for H2O2 detection. Part Part Syst Charact, 2015, 32: 886–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Yang Z, Ma F, Zhu Y, et al. A facile synthesis of CuFe2O4/Cu9S8/ PPy ternary nanotubes as peroxidase mimics for the sensitive colorimetric detection of H2O2 and dopamine. Dalton Trans, 2017, 46: 11171–11179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Hu P, Han L, Dong S. A facile one-pot method to synthesize a polypyrrole/hemin nanocomposite and its application in biosensor, dye removal, and photothermal therapy. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2014, 6: 500–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Dalui A, Pradhan B, Thupakula U, et al. Insight into the mechanism revealing the peroxidase mimetic catalytic activity of quaternary CuZnFeS nanocrystals: colorimetric biosensing of hydrogen peroxide and glucose. Nanoscale, 2015, 7: 9062–9074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Liu B, Sun Z, Huang PJJ, et al. Hydrogen peroxide displacing DNA from nanoceria: mechanism and detection of glucose in serum. J Am Chem Soc, 2015, 137: 1290–1295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Quintino MSM, Winnischofer H, Araki K, et al. Cobalt oxide/ tetraruthenated cobalt-porphyrin composite for hydrogen peroxide amperometric sensors. Analyst, 2005, 130: 221–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Nogueira RFP, Oliveira MC, Paterlini WC. Simple and fast spectrophotometric determination of H2O2 in photo-Fenton reactions using metavanadate. Talanta, 2005, 66: 86–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Sun X, Guo S, Liu Y, et al. Dumbbell-like PtPd-Fe3O4 nanoparticles for enhanced electrochemical detection of H2O2. Nano Lett, 2012, 12: 4859–4863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Ju J, Chen W. In situ growth of surfactant-free gold nanoparticles on nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots for electrochemical detection of hydrogen peroxide in biological environments. Anal Chem, 2015, 87: 1903–1910CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Karam P, Halaoui LI. Sensing of H2O2 at low surface density assemblies of Pt nanoparticles in polyelectrolyte. Anal Chem, 2008, 80: 5441–5448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Hanaoka S, Lin JM, Yamada M. Chemiluminescent flow sensor for H2O2 based on the decomposition of H2O2 catalyzed by cobalt (II)-ethanolamine complex immobilized on resin. Anal Chim Acta, 2001, 426: 57–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Chen W, Hong L, Liu AL, et al. Enhanced chemiluminescence of the luminol-hydrogen peroxide system by colloidal cupric oxide nanoparticles as peroxidase mimic. Talanta, 2012, 99: 643–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    King DW, Cooper WJ, Rusak SA, et al. Flow injection analysis of H2O2 in natural waters using acridinium ester chemiluminescence: method development and optimization using a kinetic model. Anal Chem, 2007, 79: 4169–4176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Yuan L, Lin W, Xie Y, et al. Single fluorescent probe responds to H2O2, NO, and H2O2/NO with three different sets of fluorescence signals. J Am Chem Soc, 2012, 134: 1305–1315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Gomes A, Fernandes E, Lima JLFC. Fluorescence probes used for detection of reactive oxygen species. J Biochem BioPhys Methods, 2005, 65: 45–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Dickinson BC, Chang CJ. A targetable fluorescent probe for imaging hydrogen peroxide in the mitochondria of living cells. J Am Chem Soc, 2008, 130: 9638–9639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Wei H, Wang E. Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles as peroxidase mimetics and their applications in H2O2 and glucose detection. Anal Chem, 2008, 80: 2250–2254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Jin J, Zhu S, Song Y, et al. Precisely controllable core-shell Ag@carbon dots nanoparticles: application to in situ super-sensitive monitoring of catalytic reactions. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016, 8: 27956–27965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Guo Y, Wang H, Ma X, et al. Fabrication of Ag-Cu2O/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites as surface-enhanced raman scattering substrates for in situ monitoring of peroxidase-like catalytic reaction and biosensing. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017, 9: 19074–19081CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Zhang E, Xie Y, Ci S, et al. Porous Co3O4 hollow nanododecahedra for nonenzymatic glucose biosensor and biofuel cell. Biosens Bioelectron, 2016, 81: 46–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Baghayeri M, Amiri A, Farhadi S. Development of non-enzymatic glucose sensor based on efficient loading Ag nanoparticles on functionalized carbon nanotubes. Senss Actuators B-Chem, 2016, 225: 354–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Zaidi SA, Shin JH. Recent developments in nanostructure based electrochemical glucose sensors. Talanta, 2016, 149: 30–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Yu Z, Li H, Zhang X, et al. Facile synthesis of NiCo2O4@ polyaniline core-shell nanocomposite for sensitive determination of glucose. Biosens Bioelectron, 2016, 75: 161–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Zhai D, Liu B, Shi Y, et al. Highly sensitive glucose sensor based on pt nanoparticle/polyaniline hydrogel heterostructures. ACS Nano, 2013, 7: 3540–3546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Li L, Wang Y, Pan L, et al. A nanostructured conductive hydrogels- based biosensor platform for human metabolite detection. Nano Lett, 2015, 15: 1146–1151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Sun J, Ge J, Liu W, et al. Multi-enzyme co-embedded organicinorganic hybrid nanoflowers: synthesis and application as a colorimetric sensor. Nanoscale, 2014, 6: 255–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Tian J, Liu Q, Asiri AM, et al. Ultrathin graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets: a novel peroxidase mimetic, Fe doping-mediated catalytic performance enhancement and application to rapid, highly sensitive optical detection of glucose. Nanoscale, 2013, 5: 11604–11609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Dong YL, Zhang HG, Rahman ZU, et al. Graphene oxide-Fe3O4 magnetic nanocomposites with peroxidase-like activity for colorimetric detection of glucose. Nanoscale, 2012, 4: 3969–3976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Su L, Feng J, Zhou X, et al. Colorimetric detection of urine glucose based ZnFe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles. Anal Chem, 2012, 84: 5753–5758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Shi W, Wang Q, Long Y, et al. Carbon nanodots as peroxidase mimetics and their applications to glucose detection. Chem Commun, 2011, 47: 6695–6697CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Cui S, Zhang J, Ding Y, et al. Rectangular flake-like mesoporous NiCo2O4 as enzyme mimic for glucose biosensing and biofuel cell. Sci China Mater, 2017, 60: 766–776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Ping J, Wu J, Wang Y, et al. Simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid, dopamine and uric acid using high-performance screen-printed graphene electrode. Biosens Bioelectron, 2012, 34: 70–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Cao X, Cai X, Wang N. Selective sensing of dopamine at MnOOH nanobelt modified electrode. Senss Actuators B-Chem, 2011, 160: 771–776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Wang HY, Hui QS, Xu LX, et al. Fluorimetric determination of dopamine in pharmaceutical products and urine using ethylene diamine as the fluorigenic reagent. Anal Chim Acta, 2003, 497: 93–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Ren X, Ge J, Meng X, et al. Sensitive detection of dopamine and quinone drugs based on the quenching of the fluorescence of carbon dots. Sci Bull, 2016, 61: 1615–1623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Zhu X, Ge X, Jiang C. Spectrofluorimetric determination of dopamine using chlorosulfonylthenoyltrifluoroacetone-europium probe. J Fluoresc, 2007, 17: 655–661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Yang J, Cheng ML. Development of an SPME/ATR-IR chemical sensor for detection of phenol type compounds in aqueous solutions. Analyst, 2001, 126: 881–886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Shu L, Zhu J, Wang Q, et al. Electrophoresis-chemiluminescence detection of phenols catalyzed by hemin. Luminescence, 2014, 29: 579–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Kolliopoulos AV, Kampouris DK, Banks CE. Indirect electroanalytical detection of phenols. Analyst, 2015, 140: 3244–3250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Rana A, Kawde AN. Open-circuit electrochemical polymerization for the sensitive detection of phenols. Electroanalysis, 2016, 28: 898–902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Meyer J, Liesener A, Götz S, et al. Liquid chromatography with on-line electrochemical derivatization and fluorescence detection for the determination of phenols. Anal Chem, 2003, 75: 922–926CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Thawari AG, Rao CP. Peroxidase-like catalytic activity of copper- mediated protein-inorganic hybrid nanoflowers and nanofibers of β-lactoglobulin and α-lactalbumin: synthesis, spectral characterization, microscopic features, and catalytic activity. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016, 8: 10392–10402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Jiang Y, Gu Y, Nie G, et al. Synthesis of RGO/Cu8S5/PPy composite nanosheets with enhanced peroxidase-like activity for sensitive colorimetric detection of H2O2 and phenol. Part Part Syst Charact, 2017, 34: 1600233CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alan G. MacDiarmid Institute, College of ChemistryJilin UniversityChangchunChina

Personalised recommendations