Community-based ecosystem management (CbEM) of Arial Beel at Munshiganj District in Bangladesh by integrating MIMES model


The purpose of this study is to assess the current state of community-based ecosystem management (CbEM) of at Munshiganj District in Bangladesh by applying Multiscale Integrated Model of Ecosystem Services (MIMES) approach. Both primary and secondary data were collected through questionnaire survey, focus group discussions (FGD) and content analysis from various sources. The SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunities, and threat) analysis are applied to prioritize the most important strength, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats in Arial Beel ecosystem services. Besides, the DPSIR framework was also applied for conceptual framework to assess the effects on ecosystem services. The study outcome reveals that all ecosystem services (ES) have high importance to the respondents in every sphere of life. The MIMES model analysis was shown that easily accessible and pleasant climatic conditions were the strength whereas funding problems and less private input on agriculture were identified to be the weakness. Fisheries utilization and the huge availability of raw materials were found to be opportunities. On the other hand, over-harvesting of the natural resources and increasing, use of fertilizer/pesticides in agricultural land were found to be the main threat for ecosystem services. Also, the DPSIR model framework gives a conceptual idea about the driving forces, its pressure, its current state, impact, and responses of the ecosystem services, respectively. Finally, this paper shows some aspects of community perception of ES which have the potentiality to generate knowledge to protect the services of the wetland.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12


  1. Adekola O (2011) The Niger Delta wetlands: threats to ecosystem services, their importance to dependent communities and possible management measures. Int J Biodivers Sci Ecosyst Serv Manag, pp 50–68

  2. Affek A, Degórski M, Wolski J, Solon J, Kowalska A, Roo-Zielinska E,  Grabinska B, Kruczkowska B (2019) Ecosystem service potentials and their indicators in postglacial landscapes: assessment and mapping. ISBN:9780128161340, ISBN: 9780128161357, Elsevier Publication

  3. Ahmed ID (2008) Wetland ownership and management in a common property resource setting: a case study of Hakaluki Haor in Bangladesh. Ecol Econ, pp 429–436

  4. Akca H (2006) Assessment of rural tourism in turkey using SWOT analysis. J Appl Sci 6:2837–2839

  5. Banglapedia (2010) National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh,. Retrieved from Asiatic Society of Bangladesh,

  6. Bennett EM, Cramer W, Begossi A, Cundill G, Díaz S, Egoh BN, Geijzendorffer IR, Krug CB, Lavorel S, Lazos E, Lebel L, Martín-López B., Meyfroidt, P., Mooney, HA, Nel JL, Pascual U, Payet K, Harguindeguy NP, Peterson GD, ... Woodward G (2015) Linking biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human well-being: three challenges for designing research for sustainability. Curr Opi Environ Sustain 14:76–85.

  7. Beverley RC, Anne-Gaelle EA, Philippe G (2014) Wetland ecosystem services. Manaaki Whenua Press, pp 192–202

  8. Bhandari AR, Khadka UR, Kanel KR (2018) Valuation of ecosystem services: a case of panchase protected forest in the mid-hills of Western Nepal. Asian J Sci Technol, pp 7591–7595

  9. Birkhofer K, Diehl E, Andersson J, Ekroos J, Früh-Müller A, Machnikowski F, Mader VL, Nilsson L, Sasaki K, Rundlöf M, Wolters V, Smith HG (2015) Ecosystem services-current challenges and opportunities for ecological research. Front Ecol Evol.

  10. Boerema A, Geerts L, Oosterlee L, Temmerman S, and Meire P (2016) Ecosystem service delivery in restoration projects: the effect of ecological succession on the benefits of tidal marsh restoration. Ecology and Society 21(2):10.

  11. Brown CRKN (2014) Measuring ecosystem services: Guidance on developing ecosystem service indicators. Retrieved from

  12. Byomkesh T, Nakagoshi N, Shahedur R (2009) State and management of wetlands in Bangladesh. Landscape Ecol Eng 5: 81.

  13. Casado-Arzuaga I, Madariaga I, Onaindia M (2013) Perception, demand and user contribution to ecosystem services in the Bilbao Metropolitan Greenbelt. J Environ Manag 129:33–43.

  14. Chee Y E (2004) An ecological perspective on the valuation of ecosystem services. Biol Conserv 120(4):549–565.

  15. Christian AJA (2014) Integrating ecosystem services in landscape planning: requirements, approaches, and impacts. Landscape Ecol, pp 1277–1285

  16. Colloff M, Crossman N, Overton I (2015) Ecosystem services from the Coorong, Lakes Alexandrina and Albert Ramsar site. CSIRO Water for a Healthy Country National Research Flagship, pp 1–13.

  17. Costanza R (2000) Social Goals and the Valuation of Ecosystem Services. Ecosystems 3:4–10.

  18. Dasgupta P (2007) Comments on the stern review’s economics of climate change. Natl Inst Econ Rev 199:4–7

  19. De Groot R (2002) A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Ecol Econ 41(3):393–408

  20. De Groot R, Alkemade R, Braat L, Hein L, Willemen L (2010) Challenges in integrating the concept of ecosystem services and values in landscape planning, management and decision making. Ecol Complex 7(3):260–272

  21. Dick J et al (2017) Stakeholders’ perspectives on the operationalisation of the ecosystem service concept: Results from 27 case studies. Ecosyst Serv.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. El-Bekkay AM (2013) An economic assessment of the Ramsar site of Massa (Morocco) with travel cost and contingent valuation methods. Afr J Environ Sci Technol, pp 41–47

  23. Eva MA, Piash MI, Hossain MF, Parveen Z (2018) Fractionation of organic carbon in Arial Beel wetland soils of Bangladesh. Am J Environ Sci 14(2):86–94.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Finnveden G, Moberg Å (2005) Environmental systems analysis tools: an overview. J Cleaner Prod 13(12):1165–1173.

  25. Fish R, Church A, Willis C, Winter DM, Tratalos JA, Haines-Young R, Potshin M (2016) Making space for cultural ecosystem services: insights from a study of the UK Nature Improvement Initiative. Ecosyst Serv 21B:329–343.

  26. Folke C, Hahn T, Olsson P, Norberg J (2005) Adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Annu Rev Environ Resour 30:441–473

  27. Folke C, Pritchard L,  Berkes F, Colding J,   Svedin U (2007) The problem of fit between ecosystems and institutions: ten years later. Ecology and Society 12(1):30.

  28. Gari SR, Newton A, Icely JD (2014) A review of the application and evolution of the DPSIR framework with an emphasis on coastal social-ecological systems. Ocean Coast Manag.

  29. Graham Y, Joe W, Richard T (2010) Linking vegetation type and condition to ecosystem goods and services. Ecol Complexity 7(3):292–301.

  30. Guerry AD, Polasky S, Lubchenco J, Chaplin-Kramer R, Daily GC, Griffin R, Ruckelshaus M, Bateman IJ, Duraiappah A, Elmqvist T, Feldman MW, Folke C, Hoekstra J, Kareiva PM, Keeler BL, Li S, McKenzie E, Ouyang Z, Reyers B, Ricketts TH, Rockström J, Tallis H, Vira B (2015) Natural capital and ecosystem services informing decisions: From promise to practice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112(24):7348–55.

  31. Hicks CC, Cinner JE, Stoeckl N, McClanahan TR (2015) Linking ecosystem services and human-values theory. Conserv Biol 29(5):1471–1480.

  32. Hossain MA (2015) An overview of fisheries sector of Bangladesh. Res Agric Livestock Fish 1(1):109–126.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Hossain MS, Hein L, Rip FI, Dearing JA (2015) Integrating ecosystem services and climate change responses in coastal wetlands development plans for Bangladesh. Mitig Adaptat Strat Glob Change 20:241–261.

  34. Hossain MS,  Dearing JA, Rahman MM and Salehin M (2016) Recent changes in ecosystem services and human well-being in the Bangladesh coastal zone. Reg Environ Change 16:429–443.

  35. Iftekhar MS, Islam MR (2004) Managing mangroves in Bangladesh: A strategy analysis. J Coast Conserv 10:139–146.[0139:MMIBAS]2.0.CO;2

  36. Islam SN (2010) Threatened wetlands and ecologically sensitive ecosystems management in Bangladesh. Frontiers of Earth Science in China, pp 438–448

  37. Islam M (2011) Holocene Geomorphic Evolution of Arial Beel: A Palaeo-Environmental Reconstruction, An unpublished MS thesis, Department of Geography and Environment, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh, Dhaka

  38. Islam SN (2016) Deltaic floodplains development and wetland ecosystems management in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Rivers Delta in Bangladesh. Sustainable Water Resources Management volume, pp 237–256

  39. Islam MN, Kitazawa D (2013) Modeling of freshwater wetland management strategies for building the public awareness at local level in Bangladesh. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 18:869–888.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Islam MS, Islam M (2014) Land-ocean interface and the existance of late holocene mangrove forest in the arial beel area of Bangladesh. J NOAMI 31(1&2), Dhaka, Bangladesh

  41. Islam MN, Kitazawa D, Runfola DM, Giner N (2012a) Urban lakes in a developing nation: drivers, states, and impacts of water quality and quantity in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Lakes Reservoirs Res Manag 17:253–263.

  42. Islam MN, Kitazawa D, Park HD (2012b) Numerical modeling on toxin produced by predominant species of cyanobacteria within the ecosystem of Lake Kasumigaura, Japan. Procedia Environ Sci 13:166–193

  43. Islam MT, Rahman MM, Mahmud H (2014) Physico-chemical attributes of water of Hakaluki Haor, Sylhet, Bangladesh. Jahangirnagar Univ J Biol Sci 3(2):67–72

  44. IUCN (2015) Tanguar Haor management plan framework and guidelines. IUCN Bangladesh, Dhaka

  45. Johan H, Coetzee MM (1997) Swot analysis of the fynbos industry in south africa with special reference to research. Semantic Scolar, pp 1–12

  46. Kahneman D, Wakker P, Sarin R (1997) Back to Bentham? Exploration of experienced utility. Q J Econ 112:373–405

  47. Khan SM (2011) Participatory wetland resource governance in Bangladesh: an analysis of community-based experiments in Hakaluki Haor . Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species

  48. Khondoker S, Hossain ML, Moni KAH (2014) Wetland management in Bangladesh: a study on beel bakar, agriculture. Forest Fish 3(4):320–328.

  49. Li T, Gao X (2016) Ecosystem Services Valuation of Lakeside Wetland Park beside Chaohu Lake in China. Water 8(7):301

    Article  Google Scholar 

  50. Luke M, Brander RJ (2006) The empirics of wetland valuation: a comprehensive summary and a meta-analysis of the literature. Environ Resour Econ, pp 223–250

  51. Mamun  SA, Roy S, Rahaman MS, Jahan, Islam MS (2013) Status of fisheries resources and water quality of Tanguar haor. J Environ Sci Nat Res 6:103–106

  52. Martín-López B, Iniesta-Arandia I, García-Llorente M, Palomo I, Casado-Arzuaga I, Amo DGD, et al. (2012) Uncovering ecosystem service bundles through social preferences. PLoS ONE 7(6):e38970.

  53. MoEF (2016) National Biodiversity Stategy and Action Paln of Bangladesh 2016-2021. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Dhaka, Bangaldesh

  54. Morshed M N (2013) Biodiversity of some selected areas of Tanguar haor, MS Thesis, Department of Environmental Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh

  55. Mason C, Brown R (2014) Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and Growth-Oriented Enterprises: Background Paper Prepared for the Workshop Organised by the OECD LEED Programme and the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs. Discussion Paper. OECD

  56. Maes J, Liquete C, Teller A, Erhard M, Paracchini ML, Barredo JI, Grizzetti B, Cardoso A, Somma F, Petersen JE, Meiner A, Gelabert ER,  Zal N, Kristensen P, Bastrup-Birk A, Biala K, Piroddi C, Egoh B, Degeorges P, Fiorina C, Santos-Martín F, Naruševičius V, Verboven J, Pereira HM, Bengtsson J, Gocheva K, Marta-Pedroso C, Snäll T, Estreguil C, Ayanz JSM, Pérez-Soba M, Grêt-Regamey A, Lillebø AI, Malak DA, Condé S, Moen J, Czúcz B, Drakou EG, Zulian G, Lavalle C (2016) An indicator framework for assessing ecosystem services in support of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. Ecosys Serv 17:14–23. ISSN 2212-0416.

  57. McConnell, K. (2004). Models for referendum data: The structure of discrete choice models for contingent valuation. Maryland: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management

  58. Mogas J, Riera P, Bennett J (2002) A comparison of contingent valuation and choice modelling: estimating the environmental values of Catalonian forests

  59. Nicosia K, Daaram S, Edelman B, Gedrich L, He E, McNeilly S, Shenoy V, Velagapudi A, Wu W, Zhang L, Barvalia A, Bokka V, Chan B, Chiu J, Dhulipalla S, Hernandez V, Jeon J, Kanukollu P, Kravets P, ----Gray S (2014) Determining the willingness to pay for ecosystem service restoration in a degraded coastal watershed: A ninth grade investigation. Ecol Econ 104:145–151.

  60. Nelson EJ, Daily GC (2010) Modelling ecosystem services in terrestrial systems. F1000 Biol Rep 2:53.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  61. Rachel A. Neugarten, Penny F. Langhammer, Elena Osipova, Kenneth J. Bagstad, Nirmal Bhagabati, Stuart H. M. Butchart, Nigel Dudley, Vittoria Elliott, Leah R. Gerber, Claudia Gutierrez Arrellano, Kasandra-Zoica Ivanić, Marianne Kettunen, Lisa Mandle, Jennifer C. Merriman, Mark Mulligan, Kelvin S.-H. Peh, Ciara Raudsepp-Hearne, Darius J. Semmens, Sue Stolton and Simon Willcock (2018) Tools for measuring, modelling, and valuing ecosystem services. IUCN, Switzerland, Gland

    Google Scholar 

  62. Nishat, A. (1993) Freshwater Wetlands in Bangladesh: Status and Issues. Freshwater Wetlands in Bangladesh-Issues and Approaches for Management. IUCN, pp 9–22

  63. Norgaard RB (2010) Ecosystem services: from eye-opening metaphor to complexity blinder. Ecol Econ 69(6):1219–1227.

  64. Ommani AR (2011) Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) analysis for farming system businesses management: Case of wheat farmers of Shadervan District, Shoushtar Township, Iran. African Journal of Business Management, pp 9448–9454

  65. Panel J, Barkmanna K, Glenka A, Keila C, LeemhuisbN, Dietrichc G, Geroldb R, Marggrafa AL (2008) Confronting unfamiliarity with ecosystem functions: The case for an ecosystem service approach to environmental valuation with stated preference methods. Ecol Econ, pp 48–62

  66. Petz K, Minca EL, Werners SE et al (2012) Managing the current and future supply of ecosystem services in the Hungarian and Romanian Tisza River Basin. Reg Environ Change 12:689–700.

  67. Roelof B, Joe R, Irit A, Les K (2015) The Multiscale Integrated Model of Ecosystem Services (MIMES): Simulating the interactions of coupled human and natural systems. Ecosyst Serv 12:30–41.

  68. Rudolf SdG, Matthew AW, Boumans RMG (2002) A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Ecol Econ 41(3):393–408.

  69. Sepul K B, Boscolo M, Animon I (2020) Valuing forest-based ecosystem services in Bangladesh: Implications for research and policies, Ecosystem Services, Elsevier, vol 42(C)

  70. Siddique AR (2012) Impact of land-use change on ecohydrological characteristics of Arial beel. Dhaka: Institute of Water and Flood Management. 4th Annual Paper Meet and 1st Civil Engineering Congress, December 22–24, 2011, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  71. Tallis H, Kareiva P, Marvier M, Chang A (2008) An ecosystem services framework to support both practical conservation and economic development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105(28):9457–9464

  72. Tussupova K, Berndtsson R, Bramryd T, Beisenova R (2015) Investigating willingness to pay to improve water supply services: application of contingent valuation method. Water 7(6):3024–3039

  73. Uddin MJ, Mohiuddin ASM, Hossain ST, Hakim A (2013) Eco-environmental changes of hail haor wetland Resources under sylhet basin of bangladesh due to Sedimentation: A GIS Approach. J Asiatic Soc Bangladesh Sci 39(1):125–128

  74. Uddin MR, Miah MGU, Afrad MSI, Mehraj H, Mandal MSH (2015) Land use change and its impact on ecosystem services, livelihood in Tanguar haor wetland of Bangladesh. Sci Agric, pp 78–88

  75. USDA (2008) SWOT analysis. A tool for making better business decisions. United States Department of Agriculture Risk Management Agency. Retrieved from

  76. Viaroli P,  Bartoli M, Vymazal J (2016) Preface: wetlands biodiversity and processes—tools for conservation and management. Hydrobiologia 774:1–5

  77. Watson RT (2012) The science-policy interface: the role of scientific assessments-UK National Ecosystem Assessment. Proc Math Phys Eng Sci 468(2147):3265–3281.

  78. Xie H, Zhang Y, Choi Y,  Li F (2020) A scientometrics review on land ecosystem service research, sustainability, MDPI. Open Access J 12(7):1

  79. Zommers Z (2014) Loss and Damage to Ecosystem Services. United Nations University Institute of Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS)

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Md. Noman.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Noman, M., Islam, M.N. & Shoaib, M. Community-based ecosystem management (CbEM) of Arial Beel at Munshiganj District in Bangladesh by integrating MIMES model. Model. Earth Syst. Environ. (2021).

Download citation


  • Community-based ecosystem management (CbEM)
  • Arial Beel
  • MIMES model
  • SWOT model
  • DPSIR framework