Soil erosion modelling using GIS and revised universal soil loss equation approach: a case study of Guna-Tana landscape, Northern Ethiopia

Abstract

An attempt has been made in this study to quantify the soil loss rate in Guna-Tana Landscape, Ethiopia. A Digital Elevation Model (12 m by 12 m spatial resolution), rainfall data over 10 years, soil, and land cover/land use extracted were used as an input to calculate soil loss rates. GIS-based RUSLE factors were integrated and analyzed in the ArcGIS 10.3 plate form. The results showed that 12-monthly loss of soil in the study area ranges from zero in the lower, middle, upper, and steeper slope parts of the watershed to 4735 t/ha/year with a mean annual soil loss of 3627.5 t/ha/year. The overall annual soil loss in the study area is 14,335,517.8 tonnes. Approximately 681.21 ha of the area is within the extreme and very extreme erosion clusters which demand immediate controlling measures.

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Correspondence to Asirat Teshome.

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Teshome, A., Halefom, A., Teshome, M. et al. Soil erosion modelling using GIS and revised universal soil loss equation approach: a case study of Guna-Tana landscape, Northern Ethiopia. Model. Earth Syst. Environ. 7, 125–134 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40808-020-00864-0

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Keywords

  • GIS
  • RUSLE
  • Soil erosion
  • Guna-Tana landscape
  • Ethiopia