Modeling Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 1571–1587 | Cite as

Modelling of alternative crops suitability to tobacco based on Analytical hierarchy process in Dinhata subdivision of Koch Bihar district, West Bengal

  • Jayanta Das
  • Amiya Gayen
  • Sunil Saha
  • Sudip Kr. Bhattacharya
Original Article


Land suitability evaluation is a systematic way for alternative crops cultivation and sustainable agricultural development in a region. Global anti-tobacco movement against health hazards and harmful impact of tobacco cultivation on environment, food production and human health, it is necessary to evaluate alternative cropping potentiality to tobacco in Dinhata subdivision. In the present study and research work land suitability evaluation has been determined for five alternative rabi crops such as potato, maize, boro paddy, mustard and wheat in Dinhata subdivision of Koch Bihar district, West Bengal by using parametric method for climate suitability and Analytical Hierarchy Process for soil-site suitability. Analytical Hierarchy Process is a powerful tool for evaluating land suitability for these crops followed by FAO (A framework for land evaluation, FAO Soils Bulletin 52. FAO, Rome; FAO, A framework for land evaluation, FAO Soils Bulletin 52, FAO, Rome, 1976) method. The parametric method examined climatic suitability for five major rabi crops, alternative to tobacco under irrigated condition, result showed that potato and wheat had high suitability (S1), with suitability rating 94.45 and 85.05% respectively. Boro paddy, maize and mustard were moderately suitable (S2) with suitability rating 67.63, 77.92 and 62.59% respectively. The selected theme layers includes slope, soil texture, soil reaction, organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, boron, sulphur, manganese, zinc and soil erosion, which are most influence crop suitability have been combined by the adopted methodology. Overlay operations have been done on these layers according to weighted significance of each of the factor. Results of the land suitability evaluation for potato, maize, boro paddy mustard and wheat indicated that highly suitable class (S1) accounts 15.88, 15.29, 14.52, 13.46 and 16.90% while moderately suitable (S2) constitutes 29.01, 30.99, 29.06, 29.62 and 25.01% and the marginally suitable (S3) are 33.38, 32.14, 34.69, 34.62 and 35.43% respectively. Whereas not suitable (N) areas for potato, maize, boro paddy mustard and wheat accounts 21.73, 21.58, 21.73, 22.31 and 22.66% respectively. It was found that better alternative crops of tobacco of the study area is exists for replacement of tobacco cultivation.


Tobacco epidemic Alternative crops Land suitability Parametric method AHP model 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jayanta Das
    • 1
  • Amiya Gayen
    • 2
  • Sunil Saha
    • 2
  • Sudip Kr. Bhattacharya
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geography and Applied GeographyUniversity of North BengalDarjeelingIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of Gour BangaMaldaIndia

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