Advertisement

Modeling Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 1663–1673 | Cite as

Morphometric prioritization of semi-arid watershed for plant growth potential using GIS technique

  • Ajaykumar K. Kadam
  • Tasadoq H. Jaweed
  • Bhavana N. Umrikar
  • Khalid Hussain
  • Rabindranath N. Sankhua
Original Article

Abstract

Watershed characterization and prioritization is carried out before taking up the task of management. Morphometric analysis plays significant role in prioritization of watersheds for proper use and various economic activities like animal husbandry. In the present study, morphometric investigations are used to ascertain plant growth potential of watershed for environmental management. Analysis was carried out in four sub-watersheds of Shivganga watershed using Geographic information system (GIS) technique for determining plant growth potential. The analysis includes linear aspects, aerial aspects and relief aspects. Exhaustive data requirements and individual biasness for assigning weights to various morphometric parameters affect the prioritization process. Thus, Weighted Sum Analysis (WSA) method is used in the present study for identifying sub-watersheds suitable for potential plant growth. The maximum elevation in Shivganga watershed is 1264 m in sub-watershed 1 (SW1) which increases stream flow velocity, erosion, minimized length of overland flow and quick water flow into streams contributing to hydrograph rise. It has been observed that sub-watershed 3 and 4 with low average slope show significant plant growth and contribute less runoff, relatively less land erosion and low peaks in hydrograph. The SW3 has highest potential for plant growth as it matches with the lowest weighted sum analysis. Thus, SW1 is given rank 1 with least compound factor value 1.317. The result illustrated that 13.64 to 45.40% of total area, falls in the good potential growth zone. The results of the work may be useful for watershed administrators and managers while planning conservation measures in the area.

Keywords

GIS Morphometry Shivganga watershed Watershed prioritization Weighted sum analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Head, Department of Environmental Sciences, and Department of Geology Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India for extending help to use the departmental laboratory for computing facilities.

References

  1. Aher PD, Adinarayana J, Gorantiwar SD (2014) Quantification of morphometric characterization and prioritization for management planning in semi-arid tropics of India: a remote sensing and GIS approach. J Hydrol 511:850–860. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.02.028 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Rowaily SL, El-Bana MI, Al-Dujain F, a R (2012) Changes in vegetation composition and diversity in relation to morphometry, soil and grazing on a hyper-arid watershed in the central Saudi Arabia. Catena 97:41–49. doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2012.05.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beane JE, Turner CA, Hooper PR et al (1986) Stratigraphy, composition and form of the Deccan Basalts, Western Ghats, India. Bull Volcanol 48:61–83. doi: 10.1007/BF01073513 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gravelius H (1914) Flusskunde. Goschen’sche Verlagshandlung, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  5. Hlaing KT, Haruyama S, Aye MM (2008) Using GIS-based distributed soil loss modeling and morphometric nalysis to prioritize watershed for soil conservation in Bago river basin of Lower Myanmar. Front Earth Sci Chin 2:465–478. doi: 10.1007/s11707-008-0048-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Horton RE (1932) Drainage watershed characteristics. Trans Am Geophys Union J 13:350–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Horton RE (1945) Erosional development of streams and their drainage watersheds; Hydro-physical approach to quantitative morphology. Geol Soc Am Bull 56:275–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) (2015) Pune weather station reportGoogle Scholar
  9. Jang T, Vellidis G, Hyman JB et al (2013) Model for prioritizing best management practice implementation: Sediment load reduction. Environ Manage 51:209–224. doi: 10.1007/s00267-012-9977-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kale VS, Gupta A (2001) Introduction to geomorphology. Orient Longman Ltd., CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
  11. Magesh NS, Chandrasekar N (2014) GIS model-based morphometric evaluation of Tamiraparani subbasin, Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu, India. Arabian J Geosci 7:131–141. doi: 10.1007/s12517-012-0742-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Meshram SG, Sharma SK (2017) Prioritization of watershed through morphometric parameters: a PCA-based approach. Appl Water Sci 7:1505–1519. doi: 10.1007/s13201-015-0332-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Nag S, Chakraborty S (2003) Influence of rock types and structures in the development of drainage network in hard rock area. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 31:25–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Patel D, Gajjar C, Srivastava P (2012) Prioritization of Malesari mini-watersheds through morphometric analysis: a remote sensing and GIS perspective. Environ Earth Sci 69:2643–2656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Samal DR, Gedam SS, Nagarajan R (2015) GIS based drainage morphometry and its influence on hydrology in parts of Western Ghats region, Maharashtra, India. Geocarto Int. doi: 10.1080/10106049.2014.978903 Google Scholar
  16. Schumm SA (1956) Evolution of drainage systems and slopes in bad lands at Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Geol Soc Am Bull 67:597–646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Singh S 1992. Quantitative geomorphology of the drainage basin. In: Chouhan TS, Joshi KN (eds), Readings on remote sensing applications. Scientific publishers, Jodhpur (ISBN: 81-7233-040-5)Google Scholar
  18. Som SK, Joshi R, Roy PK, Mukherjee MM (1998) Morphotctonic evolution of the laterite profiles over Sukinda ultramafic rocks, Jajpur district, Orissa. J Geol Soc India 52:449–456Google Scholar
  19. Sreedevi PD, Subrahmanyam K, Ahmed S (2005) The significance of morphometric analysis for obtaining groundwater potential zones in a structurally controlled terrain. Environ Geol 47:412–420. doi: 10.1007/s00254-004-1166-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sreedevi PD, Sreekanth PD, Khan HH, Ahmed S (2013) Drainage morphometry and its influence on hydrology in a semi-arid region: using SRTM data and GIS. EnviroN Earth Sci 70:839–848CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Strahler AN (1952) Hypsometric (area-altitude) analysis of erosional topography. Bull Geol Soc Am 63:1117–1142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Strahler AN (1957) Quantitative analysis of watershed geomorphology. Trans Am Geophys Union J 38:913–920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Strahler AN (1964) Handbook of applied hydrology. In: Chow VT (ed) Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basins and channel networks. Mc-Graw Hill Book Company, New York, pp 39–76Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesSavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeologySavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia
  3. 3.Department of BotanySavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia
  4. 4.Basin Planning, Central Water CommissionNew DelhiIndia
  5. 5.Department of BotanyUniversity of KashmirSrinagarIndia

Personalised recommendations