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Hague Journal on the Rule of Law

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 59–82 | Cite as

On the Margins of Consolidation: The Constitutional Court of Serbia

  • Tatjana Papić
  • Vladimir Djerić
Article

Abstract

This article argues that the Constitutional Court of Serbia has only marginal role in political and legal life of the Serbian society and, consequently, very modest impact on the process of democratic transition and consolidation. This conclusion is drawn on the basis of the analysis of the Court’s institutional design, substantive constitutional framework and selected cases that involved thorny constitutional and political issues, as well as issues of the country’s compliance with European standards of parliamentary democracy and human rights protection. The article demonstrates how the Court’s deference to the political majority in power and, in particular, the delaying and avoiding strategies it employs, make it irrelevant in the process of democratic consolidation. Yet, the Court plays a more relevant role in the field of the protection of human rights (constitutional complaints competence). However, these are cases which usually do not involve major political interests, so the Court can rule without constraints, relying on the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, although not always consistently and aptly. Finally, the article demonstrates that the Court’s legitimacy is weak. In respect to the input legitimacy this is due to the non-transparent process of selection of justices and disregard for the selection criteria. Perceptions of the Court by the general and expert public also reveal that it lacks both sociological and normative legitimacy. Moreover, the output legitimacy is poor, since the effect of the Court’s decisions in the articulation of the dominant political values in Serbian society is close to insignificant.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Jernej Letnar Černič who provided us with insightful comments of this article. We are also indebted to Jovana Stopić, Nevena Dičić Kostić, Dušan Pokuševski and Nikolina Milić of the Belgrade Centre for Human Rights for their research support as well as to Lidija Basta Fleiner, Violeta Beširević, Edin Hodžić, Marko Milanović and Wojciech Sadurski who provided comments on the Working Paper on which this article is based. The Working Paper was produced under the auspices of the Regional Research Promotion Programme (RRPP) within the project “Courts as Policy-Makers?: Examining the Role of Constitutional Courts as Agents of Change in the Western Balkans”, led by Analitika Center for Social Research from Sarajevo and funded by the University of Fribourg and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), available at http://www.rrpp-westernbalkans.net/en/News/Research-results-on–Courts-as-Policy-Makers-/mainColumn Paragraphs/0/text_files/file0/Constitutional%20Court%20Serbia.pdf. Accessed 31 October 2017. Usual disclaimer applies.

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Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser Press 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Associate Professor, Faculty of LawUnion University BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.AssociateBelgrade Centre for Human RightsBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Attorney at LawMikijelj Janković & BogdanovićBelgradeSerbia

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