Table 26 Performance comparison of various algorithms solving helical spring design problem

From: Cohort intelligence with self-adaptive penalty function approach hybridized with colliding bodies optimization algorithm for discrete and mixed variable constrained problems

Techniques Nonlinear B&B [74] AHGA [87] FA (Gandomi et, al. 2011) PC (Kulakrni et al. (2016a)) CBO CI–SAPF CI–SAPF–CBO
Spring volume
\(({in}^{3})\)
2.79 2.03 2.66 2.66 3.24 2.66 2.66
Function evaluations NA NA NA 498,567 108 840 1000
  1. NANot available