Table 14 Comparison of results solving stepped cantilever beam design problem

From: Cohort intelligence with self-adaptive penalty function approach hybridized with colliding bodies optimization algorithm for discrete and mixed variable constrained problems

Design variables RNES [6] FA [23] CI-SPF [35] CBO CI–SAPF CI–SAPF–CBO
Volume \(\left({\rm cm}^{3}\right)\) 64,269.59 63,893.52 63,893.49 80,329.37 63,893.45 63,893.47
Function Evaluations NA NA 19,740 4560 10,000 12,000
  1. NANot Available