Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 1–13 | Cite as

Update on Pediatric Kidney and Urinary Tract Imaging

Urology (P Reddy and B Vanderbrink, Section Editors)
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Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Urology

Abstract

Purpose

This paper will review the current roles of imaging for assessing the pediatric kidneys and urinary tract, while emphasizing recent trends and advances in imaging techniques.

Recent findings

Imaging aids in the diagnosis, assessment, and follow-up of the spectrum of congenital and developmental, infectious and inflammatory, traumatic, neoplastic, vascular, and acquired renal and urinary tract conditions. While ultrasound is the workhorse imaging modality for evaluating the kidneys and urinary tract in the pediatric population, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, nuclear scintigraphy, and abdominal radiography also play particular roles. Numerous recent advances have improved the diagnostic capabilities of these modalities.

Summary

Imaging plays an important role in the management of children and young adults with suspected and known renal and urologic abnormalities.

Keywords

Children Kidneys Urinary tract Imaging Ultrasound 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Jonathan R. Dillman declares that he has no conflict of interest. Andrew T. Trout declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References and Recommended Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA

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