Eight distinct Zn–Fe alloy films have been galvanostatically electrodeposited with a current density ranging from 1 to 8 A dm−2. The surface morphology, chemical composition, phase structure and microhardness of these coatings were examined using scanning electron microscope coupled with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Vickers Microhardness Tester. XRD results suggest the formation of metastable crystal structure in all the electrodeposits and formation of η phase confirms the higher content of Zn in the coatings. To evaluate the corrosion resistance, the developed coatings were immersed in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution followed by the application of potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests on each sample. The results indicated the greater impact of the coating characteristics on the corrosion resistance of electrodeposited Zn–Fe alloy.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
North NA, MacLeod ID, Pearson C (1987) Corrosion of metals conservation of marine archaeological objects. Pearson Butterworths, London, pp 68–98
Yogesha S, Hegde AC (2011) Optimization of deposition conditions for development of high corrosion resistant Zn–Fe multilayer coatings. J Mater Process Technol 211(8):1409–1415
Praveen BM, Mohan Reddy R (2015) Development of Ni–Si3N4 nanocomposites by electrodeposition. IJESRT 4(2):2277–9655
Gavrila M, Millet JP, Mazille H, Marchandise D, Cuntz JM (2000) Corrosion behaviour of zinc–nickel coatings, electrodeposited on steel. Surf Coat Tech 123(2–3):164–172
Marder AR (2000) The metallurgy of zinc-coated steel. Prog Mater Sci 45(3):191–271
Rashmi D, Pavithra GP, Praveen BM (2015) Electrodeposition of corrosion resistant nanostructured Ni–Fe alloy coatings. Int J Appl Eng Manage Lett. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2589812
Brassard JD, Sarkar DK, Perron J, Audibert-Hayet A, Melot D (2015) Nano-micro structured superhydrophobic zinc coating on steel for prevention of corrosion and ice adhesion. J Colloid Interface Sci 447:240–247
Li Q, Lu H, Cui J, An M, Li D (2016) Electrodeposition of nanocrystalline zinc on steel for enhanced resistance to corrosive wear. Surf Coat Technol 304:567–573
Praveen BM, Venkatesha TV (2008) Electrodeposition and properties of Zn-nanosized TiO2 composite coatings. Appl Surf Sci 254(8):2418–2424
Rajagopalan SR (1972) Electrodeposition of Ni–Zn alloys. Met Finish 70(12):52–56
Pushpavanam M, Natarajan SR, Balakrishnan K, Sharma LR (1991) Corrosion behaviour of electrodeposited zinc-nickel alloys. J Appl Electrochem 21(7):642–645
Rashmi D, Pavithra GP, Praveen BM, Devapal D, Nayana KO, Nagaraju G (2020) Electrodeposition of Zn–Ni monolithic coatings, characterization, and Corrosion analysis. J Fail Anal Prev. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-00848-3
Yang CQ, Zhou YC, Long ZL (2002) Electrodeposition and physico-chemical properties of Zn–Fe alloy coatings from sulfate solution. J Mater Sci Lett 21(21):1677–1680
Lan CJ, Liu WY, Ke ST, Chin TS (2006) Potassium salt based alkaline bath for deposition of Zn–Fe alloys. Surf Coat Technol 201(6):3103–3108
Yang CQ, Long ZL, Zhou YC (2002) A sulphate bath for the preparation of Zn–Fe alloy coatings. Trans IMF 80(5):161–163
Hegde AC, Venkatakrishna K, Eliaz N (2010) Electrodeposition of Zn–Ni, Zn–Fe and Zn–Ni–Fe alloys. Surf Coat Technol 205(7):2031–2041
Eliaz N, Venkatakrishna K, Hegde AC (2010) Electroplating and characterization of Zn–Ni, Zn–Co and Zn–Ni–Co alloys. Surf Coat Technol 205(7):1969–1978
Díaz S (2002) ZnFe anomalous electrodeposition: stationaries and local pH measurements. Electrochim Acta 47(25):4091–4100
Dahms H, Croll IM (1965) The anomalous codeposition of iron-nickel alloys. J Electrochem Soc 112(8):771–775
Fukushima H, Akiyama T, Yano M, Ishikawa T, Kammel R (1993) Electrodeposition behavior of Zn-Iron-group metal alloys from sulfate and chloride baths. ISIJ Int 33(9):1009–1015
Elias L, Hegde AC (2015) Electrodeposition of laminar coatings of Ni–W alloy and their corrosion behaviour. Surf Coat Technol 283:61–69
Tsuru T, Kobayashi S, Akiyama T, Fukushima H, Gogia SK, Kammel R (1997) Electrodeposition behaviour of zinc-iron group metal alloys from a methanol bath. J Appl Electrochem 27(2):209–214
Müller C, Sarret M, Andreu T (2002) Electrodeposition of Zn–Mn alloys at low current densities. J Electrochem Soc 149(11):C600–C606
Torabinejad V, Aliofkhazraei M, Assareh S, Allahyarzadeh MH, Rouhaghdam AS (2017) Electrodeposition of Ni–Fe alloys, composites, and nano coatings–a review. J Alloys Compd 691:841–859
Sekar R, Krishnan RM, Muralidharan VS, Jayakrishnan S (2004) Role of thiamine hydrochloride and gelatin on the electrodeposition of zinc. Trans IMF 82(5–6):164–168
Hernandez GAS, Weerasinghe AR (2018) Effect of trisodium citrate on the properties of electrodeposited Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) layers on ZnS thin films using a 2-electrode method. AMPC 8(08):311
Yang ZN, Zhang Z, Zhang JQ (2006) Electrodeposition of decorative and protective Zn–Fe coating onto low-carbon steel substrate. Surf Coat Technol 200(16–17):4810–4815
Nayana KO, Venkatesha TV, Praveen BM, Vathsala K (2011) Synergistic effect of additives on bright nanocrystalline zinc electrodeposition. J Appl Electrochem 41(1):39–49
Barry FJ, Cunnane VJ (2002) Synergistic effects of organic additives on the discharge, nucleation and growth mechanisms of tin at polycrystalline copper electrodes. J Electroanal Chem 537(1–2):151–163
Kladeková D, Gálová M, Pikna LU (2005) Voltammetric investigation of the oxidation of iron powder. Particul Sci Technol 23(2):189–199
Adaniya T, Hara T, Sagiyama M, Homa T, Watanabe T (1985) Zinc-iron alloy electroplating on strip steel. Plat Surf Finish 72(8):52–56
Higashi K (1981) Mechanism of the electrodeposition of zinc alloys containing a small amount of cobalt. J Electrochem Soc 128(10):2081
Yadav AP, Katayama H, Noda K, Masuda H, Nishikata A, Tsuru T (2007) Effect of Fe–Zn alloy layer on the corrosion resistance of galvanized steel in chloride containing environments. Corros Sci 49(9):3716–3731
Kondo K, Hinotani S, Ohmori Y (1988) Crystal structure and morphology of electrodeposited zinc-iron binary alloys. J Appl Electrochem 18(1):154–161
Panagopoulos CN, Georgiou EP, Agathocleous PE, Giannakopoulos KI (2009) Mechanical behaviour of Zn–Fe alloy coated mild steel. Mater Des 30(10):4267–4272
Raeisinia B, Poole WJ (2011) Modelling the elastic–plastic transition of polycrystalline metals with a distribution of grain sizes. Modell Simul Mater Sci Eng 20(1):015015
Ghaziof S, Gao W (2015) The effect of pulse electroplating on Zn–Ni alloy and Zn–Ni–Al2O3 composite coatings. J Alloys Compd 622:918–924
Alfantazi AM, Erb U (1996) Microhardness and thermal stability of pulse-plated ZnLi alloy coatings. Mater Sci Eng A 212(1):123–129
Diafi M, Belhamra N, Temam HB, Gasmi B, Benramache S (2015) Effect of Ni doping on some properties of electrodeposited zinc alloy coatings. Acta Metall Mater 21:226–235
Ramanauskas R, Quintana P, Maldonado L, Pomés R, Pech-Canul MA (1997) Corrosion resistance and microstructure of electrodeposited Zn and Zn alloy coatings. Surf Coat Technol 92(1–2):16–21
Karahan IH, Güder HS (2009) Electrodeposition and properties of Zn, Zn–Ni, Zn–Fe and Zn–Fe–Ni alloys from acidic chloride–sulphate electrolytes. Trans IMF 87(3):155–158
Abou-Krisha MM (2011) Influence of Ni2+ concentration and deposition potential on the characterization of thin electrodeposited Zn–Ni–Co coatings. Mater Chem Phys 125(3):621–627
Youssef KM, Koch C, Fedkiw P (2004) Improved corrosion behavior of nanocrystalline zinc produced by pulse-current electrodeposition. Corros Sci 46(1):51–64
Pandey S, Kumar D, Parkash O, Pandey L (2017) Equivalent circuit models using CPE for impedance spectroscopy of electronic ceramics. Integr Ferroelectr 183(1):141–162
Pavithra GP, Hegde AC (2012) Magnetic property and corrosion resistance of electrodeposited nanocrystalline iron–nickel alloys. Appl Surf Sci 258(18):6884–6890
Dražić DM, Mišković-Stanković VB (1990) The effect of resin concentration and electrodeposition bath temperature on the corrosion behaviour of polymer-coated steel. Prog Org Coat 18(3):253–264
The authors thank ISRO-RESPOND (Project No. ISRO/RES/3/723/16-17 Dated 03-02-2017) Govt. of India for sanctioning the project and providing instrumental and financial facilities.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Rashmi, D., Pavithra, G.P., Praveen, B.M. et al. Characterization and Corrosion Analysis of Electrodeposited Nanostructured Zn–Fe Alloy Coatings. J Bio Tribo Corros 6, 84 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40735-020-00380-9
- Zn–Fe alloy
- Corrosion behavior