Tribocorrosion Behavior of Ti–Cu Alloy in Hank’s Solution for Biomedical Application

  • Mianmian Bao
  • Xiaoyan Wang
  • Lei Yang
  • Gaowu Qin
  • Erlin Zhang


Ti–Cu alloy has shown potential biomedical application due to its high strength, good corrosion resistance, good machinability, good biocompatibility and strong antibacterial properties. In this paper, the tribocorrosion behavior of Ti–Cu was investigated in comparison with commercial pure Ti. Tribocorrosion tests were carried out against silicon nitride sphere, with open-circuit potential (OCP) wear condition and potentiodynamic wear condition. OCP and coefficient of friction were recorded during the sliding process. The worn surface was observed by scanning electron microscopy, and the worn profile was scanned to calculate the weight loss. The results have indicated that Ti–Cu exhibited better tribocorrosion properties than cp-Ti, abrasion being the main wear mechanism.


Metal and alloys Tribocorrosion Surface microstructure Mechanical properties Biomaterials Titanium alloy 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 81071262, 31470930), funding from Northeastern University, China (985 program, N141008001).


  1. 1.
    Manam NS, Harun WSW, Shri DNA, Ghani SAC, Kurniawan T, Ismail MH, Ibrahim MHI (2017) Study of corrosion in biocompatible metals for implants: a review. J Alloys Compd 701:698–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang E, Ren J, Li S, Yang L, Qin G (2016) Optimization of mechanical properties, biocorrosion properties and antibacterial properties of as-cast Ti–Cu alloys. Biomed Mater 11:065001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yao X, Sun QY, Xiao L, Sun J (2009) Effect of Ti2Cu precipitates on mechanical behavior of Ti–2.5Cu alloy subjected to different heat treatments. J Alloys Compd 484:196–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kikuchi M, Takada Y, Kiyosue S, Yoda M, Woldu M, Cai Z, Okuno O, Okabe T (2003) Mechanical properties and microstructures of Ti–Cu alloys. Dent Mater 19:174–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Takahashi M, Kikuchi M, Takada Y (2002) Mechanical properties and microstructures of dental cast Ti–Ag and Ti–Cu alloys. Dent Mater J 21:270–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bao M, Liu Y, Wang X, Yang L, Li S, Ren J, Qin G, Zhang E (2018) Optimization of mechanical properties, biocorrosion properties and antibacterial properties of wrought Ti-3Cu alloy by heat treatment. Bioact Meter 3:28–38Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang E, Wang X, Chen M, Hou B (2016) Effect of the existing form of Cu element on the mechanical properties, bio-corrosion and antibacterial properties of Ti-Cu alloys for biomedical application. Mater Sci Eng C 69:1210–1221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ren L, Ma Z, Li M, Zhang Y, Liu W, Liao Z, Yang K (2014) Antibacterial properties of Ti–6Al–4V–xCu alloys. J Mater Sci Technol 30:699–705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Marcinak C, Young F, Spector M (1980) Biocompatibility of a new Ti-Cu dental casting alloy. J Dental Res 59:47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bai B, Zhang E, Dong H, Liu J (2015) Biocompatibility of antibacterial Ti–Cu sintered alloy: in vivo bone response. J Mater Sci Mater Med 26:265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang E, Zheng L, Liu J, Bai B, Liu C (2015) Influence of Cu content on the cell biocompatibility of Ti–Cu sintered alloys. Mater Sci Eng C 46:148–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ma Z, Yao M, Liu R, Yang K, Ren L, Zhang Y, Liao Z, Liu W, Qi M (2015) Study on antibacterial activity and cytocompatibility of Ti–6Al–4V–5Cu alloy. Mater Technol 30:B80–B85Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Watanabe I, Wataha JC, Lockwood PE, Shimizu H, Cai Z, Okabe T (2004) Cytotoxicity of commercial and novel binary titanium alloys with and without a surface-reaction layer. J Oral Rehabil 31:185–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shirai T, Tsuchiya H, Shimizu T, Ohtani K, Zen Y, Tomita K (2009) Prevention of pin tract infection with titanium-copper alloys. J Biomed Mater Res Part B 91B:373–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhang E, Li F, Wang H, Liu J, Wang C, Li M, Yang K (2013) A new antibacterial titanium–copper sintered alloy: preparation and antibacterial property. Mater Sci Eng C 33:4280–4287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bai B, Zhang E, Liu J, Zhu J (2016) The anti-bacterial activity of titanium-copper sintered alloy against Porphyromonas gingivalis in vitro. Dent Mater J 35:659–667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Liu C, Zhang E (2015) Biocorrosion properties of antibacterial Ti–10Cu sintered alloy in several simulated biological solutions. J Mater Sci Mater Med 26:1–12Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Takada Y, Okuno O (2005) Corrosion characteristics of α-Ti and. Ti2Cu composing Ti–Cu alloys. Dent Mater J 24:610–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory for Anisotropy and Texture of Materials, Education Ministry of ChinaNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina

Personalised recommendations