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The Psychological Record

, Volume 68, Issue 1, pp 27–37 | Cite as

Functional Analytic Psychotherapy Enhanced Behavioral Activation for Depression: A Concurrent and Non-Concurrent Between-Participants Study

  • Oscar M. Montaño
  • Marcos A. Montenegro
  • Amanda M. Muñoz-Martínez
Original Article

Abstract

Functional analytic psychotherapy enhanced behavioral activation (FEBA) is a therapeutic approach that combines strategies from behavioral activation and functional analytic psychotherapy to improve therapeutic outcomes in clients who lack stable sources of reinforcement in their natural environments. In FEBA, therapists modify clients’ behaviors within the therapeutic session and simultaneously change clients’ environmental conditions in their natural contexts. A concurrent and nonconcurrent multiple-baseline design between participants was conducted. Four participants—2 men and 2 women—who reported depressive symptoms were independently treated in a psychological services center by 2 male therapists. FEBA increased the frequency of healthy behaviors (e.g., engaging in meaningful conversations with friends) in session and out of session. However, depressive behaviors in therapeutic and natural settings did not show stable changes. The implications for implementing some of the results of this study with clients with depression are discussed. Methodological recommendations for using FEBA with specific populations and in other contexts are also presented.

Keywords

Functional analytic psychotherapy enhanced behavioral activation Depressive behaviors Healthy behaviors Clinically relevant behaviors 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

The authors certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial or nonfinancial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in this article.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human participants and Animal studies

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oscar M. Montaño
    • 1
  • Marcos A. Montenegro
    • 2
  • Amanda M. Muñoz-Martínez
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyPontificia Universidad JaverianaBogotáColombia
  2. 2.Konrad Lorenz Fundación UniversitariaBogotáColombia
  3. 3.Department of PsychychologyUniversity of NevadaRenoUSA

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