Treatment of Typical Organic Pollutants in Textile Wastewater by Direct Contact Membrane Distillation

  • Muyao Ji
  • Qin Xia
  • Hongteng Chen
  • Qianxun Cheng
  • Yanbiao Liu
  • Fang Li
Original Article


Direct contact membrane distillation technology was considered as a promising and efficient technology for the treatment of textile wastewater. In this study, hydrophobic polytetrafluoroethylene and polyvinylidene fluoride membranes for the treatment of selected model compounds of textile wastewater (e.g., phenol, aniline, and sulfanilic acid) were explored comparatively in a bench-scale direct contact membrane distillation technology test unit. The effect of various operational parameters including temperature, flow rate, and concentration on the rejection performance was investigated systematically. The results indicated that an increased feed temperature and a faster cross flow velocity contributed positively to the direct contact membrane distillation performance. Limited rejection for phenol and aniline was witnessed, which can be due to their relatively lower boiling point. A > 99% of sulfanilic acid rejection was obtained under the same conditions. Furthermore, the polytetrafluoroethylene membrane always presented enhanced performance compared with the polyvinylidene fluoride samples. In brief, the direct contact membrane distillation process could be potentially used as a promising technique for the treatment of textile wastewater.


DCMD Hydrophobic membrane Pollutants Rejection performance 



This work is supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFC0400501) and the Start-up Grant of Donghua University (Grant No. 113-07-005710), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51478099). A previous shorter version of the paper has been presented in the 10th World Congress of EWRA “Panta Rei” Athens, Greece, 5-9 July 2017.

Supplementary material

40710_2018_292_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 18 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Textile Pollution Controlling Engineering Center of Ministry of Environmental ProtectionShanghaiChina

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