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Table 1 Spring (MAM) Arctic (70–90° N) average values for 2006–2025 in two fully coupled climate models (model no. 1 = CCSM4, model no. 2 = CESM1-CAM5)

From: Recent Advances in Arctic Cloud and Climate Research

  Model no. 1 Model no. 2 Difference
Low cloud cover (%) 38 % 73 % −35 %
Total grid-box liquid water path (gm−2) 87 7 80
Downwelling shortwave at the surface (Wm−2) 148 163 −15
Surface albedo (ratio) 0.58 0.74 −0.16
Net shortwave at the surface (Wm−2) 38 39 −1
Downwelling longwave at the surface (Wm−2) 205 196 8
Sea ice fraction (fraction) 0.62 0.62 −0.01