Table 2 Mean ± SD or percentage of bone parameters and FRAX in the sample dived according to cIMT

From: Lumbar spine bone mineral density and trabecular bone score-adjusted FRAX, but not FRAX without bone mineral density, identify subclinical carotid atherosclerosis

cIMT ≥ 0.9 cIMT < 0.9
Group A Group B
Osteoporosis (%) 46.8 22.4*
Osteopenia (%) 43.7 56.8
Normal (%) 9.3 20.6
T-score L1–L4 − 2.25 ± 1.24 − 1.67 ± 1.27*
T-score total − 1.63 ± 0.97 − 1.11 ± 0.87*
FRAX M (%) 6.39 ± 4.72 6.5 ± 2.08
FRAX H (%) 1.84 ± 2.52 2.08 ± 2.92
FRAX BMD M (%) 8.17 ± 6.27 5.95 ± 4.21*
FRAX BMD H (%) 2.86 ± 3.5 1.51 ± 2.14*
TBS-adj FRAX M (%) 12.95 ± 9.6 8.79 ± 4.89**
TBS-adj FRAX H (%) 5.36 ± 6.27 2.39 ± 2.20**
  1. H hip, M major fractures, TBS-adj trabecular bone score adjusted, BMD bone mineral density; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.001