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Underrepresentation of Hispanics and Other Minorities in Clinical Trials: Recruiters’ Perspectives

  • Aurora Occa
  • Susan E. Morgan
  • JoNell E. Potter
Article

Abstract

Clinical trials and research studies often fail to recruit participants from the minorities, hampering the generalizability of results. In order to mitigate this problem, the present study investigated how race/ethnicity affects the process of recruiting people from racial and ethnic minority groups, by conducting 11 focus groups with professional recruiters. Several themes emerged, such as how to adapt to potential participants’ language competency and literacy levels, the importance to engage in culturally appropriate verbal and non-verbal communication, and to establish a sense of homophily between recruiters and patients. In addition, recruiters pointed out possible solutions to accommodate socioeconomic concerns, to adapt to contextual factors—including immigration status—and ultimately to respond to potential participants’ mistrust of medical research. These findings are discussed, and future recommendations are provided.

Keywords

Clinical trial communication Accrual Minority participants Recruiters 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in this study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutes to which researchers belong and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Funding

This project was not supported by external funding or grants.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aurora Occa
    • 1
  • Susan E. Morgan
    • 1
  • JoNell E. Potter
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Communication, University of MiamiMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Miller School of Medicine, University of MiamiMiamiUSA

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