Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 189–196 | Cite as

Residents Perceive Limited Education on Family Planning and Contraception for Patients with Severe and Persistent Mental Illness

  • Matthew Macaluso
  • Rosey Zackula
  • Christina Bowman
  • Christina Bourne
  • Donna Sweet
In Brief Report



The primary goal of this study was to assess perceived adequacy of training by residents from multiple specialties on contraceptive prescribing and family planning for patients with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Secondary goals included the following: (1) explore resident knowledge, attitudes, and behavior towards patients with SPMI and (2) identify barriers to meeting the reproductive health needs of patients with SPMI.


The target population was 44,237 residents from four medical specialties. Participants were from a stratified, self-selected sample. Program coordinators were asked to forward a survey link to residents. Consenting residents were provided access to a questionnaire via a secure, web-based application (REDCap). The survey assessed resident education on the reproductive health needs of patients with SPMI and included demographics (age, gender, year of residency, and specialty), perceived adequacy of training, knowledge, and attitudes, and barriers regarding contraception and family planning. Responses were summarized with frequency and compared by medical specialty.


A total of 768 residents consented: 49% female, 20% male, and 31% did not indicate their gender; 19% were first year residents, 21% second year residents, 21% third year residents, 8% fourth year residents, and 30% did not indicate their year of training. By specialty, 30.6% of residents were from family medicine programs (n = 235), 10.8% were from internal medicine programs (n = 83), 18.1% were from OBGYN programs (n = 139), and 10.4% were from psychiatry programs (n = 80); 231 (30.1%) did not indicate specialty. Regarding training, 60% of residents disagreed or strongly disagreed that they had proper training on prescribing contraceptives for patients with SPMI (363 of 599). Sixty two percent of residents disagreed or strongly disagreed that they had proper training about family planning for patients with SPMI (368/599). Over 83% of residents surveyed (405/486) would prescribe contraception for patients with SPMI if they had adequate training.


Results indicate the need for curricular change on the reproductive health needs of patients with SPMI.


Family planning Mental illness Education 


Funding Sources

The electronic database used to collect and manage the survey data was funded by CTSA Award # UL1TR000001.There was no direct source of funding for this study.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

The study and its conduct were approved by the University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita Human Subjects Committee (IRB # 00004144).


The authors have no financial or personal relationships with commercial entities that may have a direct or indirect interest in the subject matter of this presentation. Matthew Macaluso, D.O. has conducted clinical trials research as principal investigator for the following pharmaceutical companies over the last twelve months: Alkermes, Allergan, AssureRx, Eisai, Forum, Lundbeck, Janssen, and Naurex/Aptinyx. All clinical trial and study contracts were with payments made to the Kansas University Medical Center Research Institute, a research institute affiliated with Kansas University School of Medicine-Wichita (KUSM-W).


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Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kansas University School of Medicine-WichitaWichitaUSA
  2. 2.University of California-DavisDavisUSA

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