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Table 1 Overview of published studies on the relationship between green buildings and health

From: Green Buildings and Health

Study Sample size (no. of people) Building type(s) Results (compared to conventional)
Studies with only occupant surveys
Huizenga et al. [37] Not provided Offices ↑ Air quality
- 3 green ↑ Cleanliness
- 45 conventional ↑ Thermal comfort
Abbaszadeh et al. [39] 33,285 Offices ↑ Air quality
- 21 green ↑ Cleanliness
- 160 conventional ↑ Thermal comfort
Lee and Kim [40] 40,488 Offices ↑ Air quality
- 15 green ↑ Cleanliness
- 200 conventional ↑ Thermal comfort
↓ Lighting
↓ Acoustics
Altomonte and Schiavon [41] 21,477 Offices ↑ Air quality
- 65 green ↑ Cleanliness
- 79 conventional ↓ Lighting
↓ Acoustics
Paul and Taylor [42] 93 University ↓ Thermal comfort
- 1 green
- 2 conventional
Hedge et al. [43] 319 University ↑ Ventilation
- 2 green ↑ Air quality
- 1 conventional
Thatcher and Milner [44] 441 Offices ↑ Perceived ventilation
- 1 green ↑ Air movement
- 2 conventional ↓ Thermal comfort
↓ Lighting
U.S. General Services Admin. (GSA) [35•] Not Provided Offices ↑ Occupant satisfaction
- 22 green ↑ Thermal comfort
↓ Acoustics
Singh et al. [45] 263 Offices ↑ Self-reported well-being
- 2 green ↓ Absenteeism
- 1 conventional ↓ Asthma and allergy symptoms
Studies with IEQ Measurements + Occupant Surveys
Liang et al. [46] 233 Offices ↑ Thermal comfort
- 3 green ↑ Air quality
- 2 conventional ↑ Lighting
↑ Acoustics
Ravindu et al. [47] 70 Factories ↓ Thermal comfort
- 1 green ↓ Ventilation
- 1 conventional
Newsham et al. [48] 2545 Offices ↑ Air quality
- 12 green ↓ Acoustics
- 12 conventional
Jacobs et al. [49•] 58 Public housing ↑ Self-reported well-being
- 1 green rehabilitation ↑ Cleanliness
↓ Allergens
Garland et al. [50] Not Provided Public housing ↓ Asthma and allergy symptoms
- 1 green rehabilitation
Breysse et al. [51•] 41 Public housing ↓ Respiratory symptoms
- 1 green rehabilitation
Colton et al. [16••] 24 Public housing ↑ Air quality
- 1 green rehabilitation ↑ Ventilation
- 1 conventional ↓ Asthma symptoms
Studies with Objective Health Outcome Measures
Thiel et al. [52••] Not Provided Hospitals ↑ Employee satisfaction
- 1 green ↑ Quality of care
- 1 conventional ↓ Length of open positions
↓ Patient mortality