, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 207–218 | Cite as

Finger pad friction and tactile perception of laser treated, stamped and cold rolled micro-structured stainless steel sheet surfaces

  • S. Zhang
  • X. Zeng
  • D. T. A. Matthews
  • A. Igartua
  • E. Rodriguez–Vidal
  • J. Contreras Fortes
  • E. Van Der Heide
Open Access
Research Article


Tactile perception is a complex system, which depends on frictional interactions between skin and counter-body. The contact mechanics of tactile friction is governed by many factors such as the state and properties of skin and counter-body. In order to discover the connection between perception and tactile friction on textured stainless steel sheets, both perception experiments (subjective) and tactile friction measurements (objective) were performed in this research. The perception experiments were carried out by using a panel test method to identify the perceived roughness, perceived stickiness and comfort level from the participants. For the friction experiments, tactile friction was measured by a multi-axis force/torque transducer in vivo. The perceived stickiness was illustrated as an effective subjective stimulus, which has a negative correlation to the comfort perception. No significant evidence was revealed to the connection between the perceived roughness and comfort perception, and this relationship may be influenced by the participants’ individual experience, gender and moisture level of skin. Furthermore, the kinetic tactile friction was concluded as an objective stimulus to the comfort perception with a negative correlation.


tactile friction perception pleasant touch biotribology 



This work was supported by the Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel, under Contract No. RFSR-CT-2011-00022.


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Copyright information

© The author(s) 2017

Open Access: The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • X. Zeng
    • 3
  • D. T. A. Matthews
    • 2
    • 4
  • A. Igartua
    • 5
  • E. Rodriguez–Vidal
    • 5
  • J. Contreras Fortes
    • 6
  • E. Van Der Heide
    • 2
    • 7
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of TribologyTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Laboratory for Surface Technology and Tribology, Faculty of Engineering TechnologyUniversity of TwenteEnschedethe Netherlands
  3. 3.Shanghai Advanced Research InstituteChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Tata SteelResearch & DevelopmentIJmuidenthe Netherlands
  5. 5.IK4-TeknikerEibarSpain
  6. 6.Acerinox Europa SAULos BarriosSpain
  7. 7.TU DelftFaculty of Civil Engineering and GeosciencesDelftthe Netherlands

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