Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 153–159 | Cite as

Idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in the elderly: a long-term follow-up study

  • Seong-Chul Yeo
  • Seong-Ki Ahn
  • Ho Joong Lee
  • Hyun-Jin Cho
  • Sang-Wook Kim
  • Seung Hoon Woo
  • Sea-Yuong Jeon
  • Yeon-Hee Joo
  • Dong Gu Hur
  • Jung Je Park
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of peripheral-type vertigo in the elderly. While some studies have investigated BPPV among the elderly, no study has focused on the isolated idiopathic BPPV (iBPPV) in the elderly.

Aims

To investigate the clinical features and recurrence rate in elderly patients diagnosed with iBPPV.

Methods

The authors prospectively reviewed the medical records of 627 patients diagnosed with BPPV, and a total of 370 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The subjects were divided into two groups by age (experimental group ≥65 years and control group 17–64 years), and the gender, numbers of canalith reposition maneuver (CRM) for successful treatment, time elapsed from onset of symptoms to clinic visit, the affected semicircular canal, and the 1- and 5-year recurrence proportion were analyzed.

Results

The gender, numbers of CRM for successful treatment, affected semicircular canal, and the 1- and 5-year recurrence proportion showed no statistically significant difference between two groups (p > 0.05). The only exception was the experimental group which took a longer duration from manifestation of symptoms to hospital visit than control group (student’s t test, p = 0.021).

Discussion

Several previous studies report that the elderly with iBPPV shows more protracted clinical course and much higher recurrence rate than younger adult. Unlike those reports, our study showed no significant differences about the clinical features and recurrence rate between age groups.

Conclusion

The elderly with iBPPV could be treated as effective as general population.

Keywords

Dizziness Idiopathic Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo Elderly 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None of the authors has any conflict of interest, financial, or otherwise. No financial or material support has been received for this work; moreover, the authors declare no financial interests in companies or other entities that could have an interest in the information within this contribution.

Statement of human and animal right

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Patients provided informed consent before taking part in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seong-Chul Yeo
    • 1
  • Seong-Ki Ahn
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ho Joong Lee
    • 1
  • Hyun-Jin Cho
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sang-Wook Kim
    • 1
    • 3
  • Seung Hoon Woo
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sea-Yuong Jeon
    • 1
    • 3
  • Yeon-Hee Joo
    • 2
    • 3
  • Dong Gu Hur
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jung Je Park
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology, Gyeongsang National University HospitalGyeongsang National University School of MedicineJinjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology, Gyeongsang National University Changwon HospitalGyeongsang National University School of MedicineChangwonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Institute of Health SciencesGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea

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