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Psychometric properties of the modified Yale Food Addiction Scale Version 2.0 in an Italian non-clinical sample

  • Claudio ImperatoriEmail author
  • Mariantonietta Fabbricatore
  • David Lester
  • Gian Mauro Manzoni
  • Gianluca Castelnuovo
  • Giulia Raimondi
  • Marco Innamorati
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Food and Addiction

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the dimensionality and psychometric properties of the modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (mYFAS 2.0) in an Italian non-clinical sample.

Methods

262 adults (184 women) were administered the Italian versions of the mYFAS 2.0, and questionnaires measuring binge eating severity, anxiety and depression symptoms, and emotional dysregulation.

Results

15 individuals (5.7%) met the criteria for a diagnosis of food addiction according to the mYFAS 2.0. Bayesian confirmatory factor analysis supported a single-factor solution for the mYFAS 2.0. The mYFAS 2.0 had good internal consistency (Ordinal α = 0.91), and convergent validity with binge eating severity (r = 0.67, p < 0.001), both anxiety (r = 0.31, p < 0.001) and depressive (r = 0.35, p < 0.001) symptoms, and difficulties in emotion regulation (r = 0.35, p < 0.001). Finally, both discriminant validity with dietary restraint (Gamma = 0.11; p = 0.52) and incremental validity in predicting binge eating severity over emotion dysregulation and psychopathology (b = 0.52; t = 11.11; p < 0.001) were confirmed.

Conclusions

The Italian mYFAS 2.0 has satisfactory psychometric properties and can be used as a brief instrument for the assessment of addictive eating behaviors when time constraints prevent the use of the original version.

Level of Evidence

Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study.

Keywords

Food addiction mYFAS 2.0 Binge eating Psychopathology BMI Bayesian confirmatory factor analysis 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human SciencesEuropean University of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Stockton UniversityGallowayUSA
  3. 3.Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCSPsychology Research LaboratoryOggebbioItaly
  4. 4.Faculty of PsychologyeCampus UniversityNovedrateItaly
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyCatholic UniversityMilanItaly

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