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Children with obesity: peer influence as a predictor of body dissatisfaction

  • Adriana Amaya-HernándezEmail author
  • Mayaro Ortega-Luyando
  • María Leticia Bautista-Díaz
  • Georgina L. Alvarez-Rayón
  • Juan Manuel Mancilla-Díaz
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

To analyze self-esteem, as well as the different peer influence components (messages, interactions and likability) as predictors of body dissatisfaction in children with obesity.

Method

A total of 123 children aged between 10 and 12 years were divided into two groups according to their body mass index. The group with obesity was comprised of 36 boys and 21 girls and the group with normal weight of 32 boys and 34 girls. All of the participants answered the Body Shape Questionnaire—16, the Inventory of Peer Influence on Eating Concerns, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

Results

The hierarchical multiple regression analysis for each group showed that likability and peer messages explain 67% of the body dissatisfaction variance in children with obesity and 54% in children with normal weight.

Conclusion

Peer influence predicted body dissatisfaction in children; however, children with obesity assimilate messages from their peers differently compared with children with normal weight.

Keywords

Obesity Body image Children Eating behaviors Peer influence 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding: PAPIIT IA303616.

Compliance with ethical standards

Confict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The authors state that the procedures followed were according to the research ethics committee regulations. The protocols of our institution were followed to access participants data and such information was analyzed with the sole purpose of carrying out and disseminate scientific research findings.

Informed consent

All of the participants were informed of the purposes of the research and all of them signed the informed consent form.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Eating Disorders Laboratory, División de Investigación y PosgradoUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), FES-IztacalaTlalnepantlaMexico

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