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Body dissatisfaction in adolescents with eating disorders

  • Isabel Laporta-Herrero
  • Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera
  • Belén Barajas-Iglesias
  • Miguel Ángel Santed-Germán
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to analyze and compare the level of body dissatisfaction (BD) in different eating disorders (ED) subtypes. Also, the relationship between BD and certain aesthetic body shape model influence and psychological variables was analyzed.

Methods

The sample consisted of 204 adolescent patients, who were attending in an ED Unit in Zaragoza (Spain). The following instruments were applied: the Spanish Children’s Depression Questionnaire (CEDI-II), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40), the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34) and the Questionnaire of Influences of Aesthetic Body shape Model (CIMEC-40).

Results

The group of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) showed the greatest BD. Those patients who showed higher levels of BD had lower self-esteem, more depressive symptoms, a greater presence of disordered eating attitudes, and more influence of the aesthetic body shape model.

Conclusions

This study contributes to highlight the idea of implementing effective prevention programs and specific interventions related to BD in the treatment of ED.

Keywords

Eating disorders Body dissatisfaction Adolescence Aesthetic body shape model Self-esteem 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required (retrospective study).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de PsicologíaUniversidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED)MadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of Nutrition and BromatologyPablo de Olavide UniversitySevilleSpain
  3. 3.Centro de Rehabilitación Psicosocial San Juan de DiosTeruelSpain

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