Controlling infectious disease outbreaks in low-income and middle-income countries
- 5 Downloads
When an infectious disease outbreak is detected or suspected, a healthcare facility’s infection control personnel should be notified and an outbreak control team formed that is pertinent to the size and severity of the outbreak and healthcare facility. Management of an infectious disease outbreak in a middle- or low-income country is challenging. Cost-effective recommendations that are easy to carry out and that have been stratified according to the type of infection and prevention and control intervention used are provided in this paper and constitute basic practices.
Keywordsinfectious disease outbreak healthcare facility infection control middle-income countries low-income countries
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Juan Pablo Caeiro declares that he has no competing interests. María I. Garzón declare that she has no competing interests.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
References and Recommended Reading
- 1.From panic and neglect to investing in health security: financing pandemic preparedness at a national level. International working group on financing preparedness 2017. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/26761.
- 6.World Health Organization. WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care. First global patient safety challenge: clean care is safer care. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2009.Google Scholar
- 11.Mitchell BG, Dancer SJ, Anderson M, Dehn E. Risk of organism acquisition from prior room occupants: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Hosp infect. 2015;91(3):211–7Google Scholar
- 13.Doll M, Stevens M, Bearman G. Environmental Cleaning and Disinfection of Patient Areas. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2017.10.014.
- 15.Magiorakos AP, Burns K, Rodríguez Baño J, Borg M, Daikos G, Dumpis U, et al. Infection prevention and control measures and tools for the prevention of entry of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae into healthcare settings: guidance from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2017;6:113.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 16.Lefebvre A, Gbaguidi-Haore H, Bertrand X, Thouverez M, Talon D. Impact of barrier precautions and antibiotic consumption on the incidence rate of acquired cases of infection or colonization with Acinetobacter baumannii: a 10-year multi-department study. Am J Infect Control. 2011;39(10):891–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 21.Kim YA, Park YS, Youk T, Lee H, Lee K. Correlation of Aminoglycoside Consumption and Amikacin- or Gentamicin-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Long-Term Nationwide Analysis: Is Antibiotic Cycling an Effective Policy for Reducing Antimicrobial Resistance? Ann Lab Med. 2018;38(2):176–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 22.Barlam TF, Cosgrove SE, Abbo LM, MacDougall C, Schuetz AN, Septimus EJ, et al. Implementing an Antibiotic Stewardship Program: Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2016;62(10):1197–12.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 32.Banach DB, Johnston BL, Al-Zubeidi D, Bartlett AH, et al. Outbreak Response and Incident Management: SHEA Guidance and Resources for Healthcare Epidemiologists in United States Acute-Care Hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2017;30:1–27.Google Scholar