Prenatal diagnosis of a rare isolated thoracic-type ectopia cordis with complete form: a case report

Abstract

Ectopia cordis (EC) is a rare malformation that occurs as an isolated lesion or as part of the pentalogy of Cantrell which is characterized by midline closure defects. This was first described by Haller et al. in 1706. EC is seen with a frequency of 5.5–7.9 per 1 million births. It has five types that are: cervical, cervico-thoracic, thoracic, thoraco-abdominal, and abdominal. Its differentiation from the pentalogy of Cantrell, first described by Cantrell in 1958, must be done well. Thoracic type has the worst prognosis and due to this poor prognosis in the postnatal period, termination may be offered to these patients as an option. In this paper, a case of an isolated thoracic-type complete EC detected in the prenatal ultrasonography of a pregnant woman referred to our clinic at the 18 weeks and 3 days of gestation is presented.

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The authors declared that this study received no financial support.

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Conceptualization: Bekir Kahveci; methodology: Bekir Kahveci, Rauf Melekoglu; formal analysis and investigation: Süleyman Cansun Demir; writing, original draft preparation: Bekir Kahveci; writing, review and editing: Bekir Kahveci, Rauf Melekoglu; resources: Bekir Kahveci, Ugur Deger; supervision: Süleyman Cansun Demir.

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Correspondence to Bekir Kahveci.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Kahveci, B., Melekoglu, R., Deger, U. et al. Prenatal diagnosis of a rare isolated thoracic-type ectopia cordis with complete form: a case report. J Ultrasound (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40477-020-00496-1

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Keywords

  • Ectopia cordis
  • Midline development defects
  • Pentalogy of Cantrell
  • Ultrasonography