Active vibration control in a two degrees of freedom structure using piezoelectric transducers associated with negative capacitance shunt circuits

Abstract

The need for control or suppression of vibrations in mechanical structures has arisen because of their damaging effects on people, civil structures and machine parts. The present work aims to perform the vibration control of a portico type structure with two degrees of freedom, using piezoelectric transducers associated with negative capacitance shunt circuits with series electrical resistance. For this purpose, an electronic circuit with passive and active components associated with piezoelectric transducers QP10W was developed to produce a negative capacitance shunt circuit, implemented through Negative Impedance Converters (NIC) and using operational amplifiers. The response amplitudes of the system in the time domain and the frequency in free and forced vibration were analyzed in tests performed with and without shunt circuit operation in the system. Considering free vibration, a reduction of 9.01 dB was obtained for the first natural frequency and of 6.95 dB for the second one. For forced vibration, reductions of 1.5 dB were obtained for the first natural frequency and 2.19 dB for the second natural frequency, respectively. The vibration reductions obtained with the proposed system demonstrate the efficiency of the system.

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Data are part of an ongoing study and cannot be shared at this moment.

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Funding

The authors acknowledge the financial support and the award fellowship provided by the Vibration and Instrumentation Laboratory of Federal University of Campina Grande (LVI/UFCG), National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Grants 306732/2012-2 and 444039/2014-7. This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001.

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Correspondence to Andreas Ries.

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Gonçalves, A., Almeida, A., Moura, E.d. et al. Active vibration control in a two degrees of freedom structure using piezoelectric transducers associated with negative capacitance shunt circuits. Int. J. Dynam. Control (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40435-020-00652-9

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Keywords

  • Vibration control
  • Piezoelectric transducers
  • Negative capacitance shunt circuit
  • Negative impedance converters