Cornering characteristics of a truck tire on wet surface using finite element analysis and smoothed-particle hydrodynamics
- 13 Downloads
This paper presents the cornering characteristics of a wide base truck tire 445/50R22.5 over dry and wet surfaces in a virtual software package Pam-Crash. The wide base truck tire is modeled and validated using finite element analysis, while the water is modeled using smoothed-particle hydrodynamics technique. The tire–terrain interaction algorithm captures the node-symmetric node-to-segment contact with edge treatment. The simulation is repeated for several inflation pressure, applied vertical loading, cornering angles and water depth to evaluate the influence of these parameters on the tire operational performance. The simulation results obtained are validated against experimental data published in literature. The cornering characteristics investigated includes the lateral force, rolling resistance, cornering stiffness and self-aligning moment. Finally, the optimal operating conditions of the wide base tire are presented. To the author’s knowledge, no previous attempt to compute cornering characteristics of a truck tire on a wet surface using SPH technique has been made. This work will be further used for tire performance prediction research.
KeywordsFinite element analysis (FEA) Smoothed-particle hydrodynamics (SPH) Truck tire Cornering characteristics Rolling resistance Wet surface Tire–terrain interaction
The authors express their gratitude to Volvo Group Trucks Technology for there continuous support during the course of this study.
- 1.Wong JY (2008) Theory of ground vehicles. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 2.Dixon JC (1996) Society of Automotive Engineers. Tires, suspension and handling 1996:636Google Scholar
- 4.Baffet G, Charara A, Stéphant J (2006) Sideslip angle, lateral tire force and road friction estimation in simulations and experiments. In: Computer aided control system design, 2006 IEEE international conference on control applications, 2006 IEEE international symposium on intelligent control, 2006 IEEE. IEEE, pp 903–908Google Scholar
- 6.Srirangam SK, Anupam K, Scarpas A, Kösters A (2013) Influence of temperature on tire-pavement friction-1: laboratory tests and finite element modeling. In: Transportation research board 92nd annual meeting, pp 13–4260Google Scholar
- 9.El-Sayegh Z, El-Gindy M, Johansson I, Öijer F (in press) Truck tire–terrain interaction modelling and testing: literature survey. Int J Veh Syst Model TestGoogle Scholar
- 10.Marjani M (2016) Development of FEA wide-base truck tire and soil interaction models. Master’s thesis, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, CanadaGoogle Scholar
- 11.Chae S (2006) Nonlinear finite element modeling and analysis of a truck tire. Ph.D. thesis, The Pennsylvania State UniversityGoogle Scholar
- 13.ESI Group (2014) Pam-Crash user manual PAM System InternationalGoogle Scholar
- 14.Goodman RE, Taylor RL, Brekke TL (1968) A model for the mechanics of jointed rocks. J Soil Mech Found Div 94:637–659Google Scholar
- 19.El-Sayegh Z, El-Gindy M, Johansson I, Öijer F (in press) Improved tire–soil interaction model using FEA-SPH simulation. J TerramechGoogle Scholar