Flash point, kinematic viscosity and refractive index: variations and correlations of biodiesel–diesel blends

Abstract

This paper presents characterization studies of flash point, kinematic viscosity and refractive index for several biodiesel/ diesel blends. Biodiesel is produced from soybean, corn, olive, canola, almond, grape and peanut oils. Regression equations are presented to estimate the kinematic viscosity, refractive index and flash point of the studied biodiesel and their blends with diesel fossil fuel as a function of the blend composition. Moreover, as viscosity and refractive index measurements are simple, fast and require very small volume of samples, a correlation study for the blends is conducted to estimate the flash point from these two properties. It is shown that when kinematic viscosity and refractive index are both used for the estimation of the blends flash point, the \({R}^{2}\) values are higher than those found using simple correlations.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Project 20020160100084BA of the University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina. The authors thank Eng. Miguel Pellejero (YPF) for the diesel fuel samples.

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Correspondence to Silvia Daniela Romano.

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Alviso, D., Saab, E., Clevenot, P. et al. Flash point, kinematic viscosity and refractive index: variations and correlations of biodiesel–diesel blends. J Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng. 42, 347 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40430-020-02428-w

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Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Diesel
  • Blends
  • Flash point
  • Kinematic viscosity
  • Refractive index