European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 61–63 | Cite as

Localised aggressive periodontitis in a 3-year-old-boy

Case Report
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Abstract

Background

Localised aggressive periodontitis (LAgP), characterised by rapid attachment and bone loss, which may occur in children and adolescents, without clinical evidence of systemic disease.

Case report

Three-year-old boy was referred with excessive mobility of 83 and exfoliation of 73. Clinical examination revealed acceptable oral hygiene. Blood tests were performed to evaluate PMNs activity and the parents were advised to apply 0.2% chlorhexidine twice a day. One month later 83 was still excessively mobile. Blood tests were normal.

Treatment

A full mouth scaling and curettage were performed under general anaesthesia. Since 83 had been spontaneously exfoliated one day earlier, a biopsy was taken from its socket. The biopsy examination revealed granulation tissue with actinomyces colonies. A course of amoxicillin 250 mg three times a day for 7 days was prescribed. Cultures from periodontal pockets of the child’s family members were found negative to Aggregatibacter actinomycetem comitans (Aa).

Follow-up

Examination 3 months later, no tooth mobility was observed and the cultures from the periodontal pockets were negative to Aa. Thereafter, the child was periodically reviewed every 3 months for 26 months with no signs of periodontal disease.

Conclusion

Amoxicillin combined with curettage around the involved teeth may be effective in LAgP treatment.

Keywords

Localised aggressive periodontitis (LAgP) Amoxicillin Child 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

Ethical approval: This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Paediatric Dental UnitBarzilai Medical University CenterAshkelonIsrael

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