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Journal of Arid Land

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 932–945 | Cite as

Effects of combined drip irrigation and sub-surface pipe drainage on water and salt transport of saline-alkali soil in Xinjiang, China

  • Tong Heng
  • Renkuan Liao
  • Zhenhua WangEmail author
  • Wenyong Wu
  • Wenhao Li
  • Jinzhu Zhang
Article
  • 99 Downloads

Abstract

Developing effective irrigation and drainage strategies to improve the quality of saline-alkali soil is vital for enhancing agricultural production and increasing economic returns. In this study, we explored how irrigation and drainage modes (flood irrigation, drip irrigation, and sub-surface pipe drainage under drip irrigation) improve the saline-alkali soil in Xinjiang, China. We aimed to study the transport characteristics of soil water and salt under different irrigation and drainage modes, and analyze the effects of the combination of irrigation and drainage on soil salt leaching, as well as its impacts on the growth of oil sunflower. Our results show that sub-surface pipe drainage under drip irrigation significantly reduced the soil salt content and soil water content at the 0–200 cm soil depth. Under sub-surface pipe drainage combined with drip irrigation, the mean soil salt content was reduced to below 10 g/kg after the second irrigation, and the soil salt content decreased as sub-surface pipe distance decreased. The mean soil salt content of flood irrigation exceeded 25 g/kg, and the mean soil desalination efficiency was 3.28%, which was lower than that of drip irrigation. The mean soil desalination rate under drip irrigation and sub-surface pipe drainage under drip irrigation was 19.30% and 58.12%, respectively. After sub-surface drainage regulation under drip irrigation, the germination percentage of oil sunflower seedlings was increased to more than 50%, which further confirmed that combined drip irrigation and sub-surface pipe drainage is very effective in improving the quality of saline-alkali soil and increasing the productivity of agricultural crops.

Keywords

saline-alkali soil drip irrigation flood irrigation sub-surface pipe drainage soil desalination salt leaching arid area 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51741908). We wish to thank BIAN Qingyong, ZHU Yankan, GU Zhenda, WU Qiang, MA Xihe and HOU Yusheng for their help with analysis of soil samples. Thanks are also to WANG Fengjiao and ZHAO Di for soil sampling.

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Copyright information

© Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tong Heng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Renkuan Liao
    • 3
  • Zhenhua Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wenyong Wu
    • 3
  • Wenhao Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jinzhu Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Water & Architectural EngineeringShihezi UniversityShiheziChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Modern Water-Saving Irrigation of Xinjiang Production and Construction GroupShihezi UniversityShiheziChina
  3. 3.China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower ResearchBeijingChina

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