Journal of Arid Land

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 304–315 | Cite as

Effects of temperature and water limitation on the germination of Stipagrostis ciliata seeds collected from Sidi Bouzid Governorate in Central Tunisia

  • Lobna M. Fakhfakh
  • Naser A. Anjum
  • Mohamed Chaieb


Most ecological studies in North Africa reveal a process of continuous degradation of rangeland ecosystems as a result of overgrazing. This degradation appears across the decreasing of perennial grass diversity. Indeed, the majority of steppe ecosystems are characterized by a low density of perennial grass species at present. This study evaluated the effects of temperature and water limitation on the seed germination of Stipagrostis ciliata (Desf.) de Winter, a perennial grass species. The seeds were collected from the Bou Hedma Park, Sidi Bouzid Governorate, Central Tunisia. The thermal time and hydrothermal time models were used to describe the seed germination of S. ciliata under different water potentials and temperatures. The germination response of S. ciliata seeds in darkness was evaluated over a range of temperatures (15°C, 20°C, 25°C, 30°C and 35°C) and across a wide range of osmotic potentials (0.0,–0.2,–0.6,–1.2,–1.6 and –2.0 MPa) of the polyethylene glycol (PEG6000) solutions at each temperature level. Among the tested temperatures, 25°C was found to be the optimal temperature to the germination of S. ciliata seeds. The final germination percentage (75.2%) was obtained with distilled water. The progressive decrease of osmotic potential of the PEG6000 solutions inhibited the seed germination. However, the number of days to first germination was increased with a reduction of osmotic potential. A significant positive relationship was identified between final germination percentage of S. ciliata seeds and osmotic potential of the PEG6000 solutions, with R2 ranging from 0.5678 to 0.8761. Furthermore, a high degree of congruency between predicted and observed germination time course curves was observed. In general, S. ciliata exhibits a significant adaptation capacity for water limitation and high temperature in arid ecosystems.


Stipagrostis ciliata germination temperature water potential hydrothermal model arid zone Bou Hedma Park 


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This research was supported by the Tunisian Ministry of Scientific Research, especially the arid lands program. We thank reviewers for their constructive comments on the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lobna M. Fakhfakh
    • 1
  • Naser A. Anjum
    • 2
  • Mohamed Chaieb
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies and Department of ChemistryUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

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