2015 WADA code comes into effect: significant changes in the Spanish legal arena

Abstract

2013 was a particularly relevant year for the study of legal considerations on doping. Not least because of the celebration of the Fourth World Conference on Doping in Sport that focused on the World Anti-Doping Code review process (Code that will be in force on January 1, 2015). This legislative issue has also been of great relevance in Spain. Hence, this work especially considers the legal implications of doping from the Spanish legislation perspective. On the one hand, this country undertook the task of developing and enacting a long-awaited regulation: the Fundamental Law 3/2013, enacted on the 20th of June, for the protection of athletes’ health and the fight against doping in sports activities, which was published on the 21st of June, 2013. On the other hand, on the 30th of April 2013, the Operation Puerto trial's resolution was made public. This resolution is still generating a storm of controversy with significant differences and approaches from the legal (conducted under the Spanish Criminal Law) and social world. This analysis of the fight against doping will emphasize with the creation of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and the new World Anti-Doping Code to come into force in 2015.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Amorós Martínez (2012), pp. 457–492.

  2. 2.

    McNamee and Tarasti (2010), pp. 165–169.

  3. 3.

    Hardie (2010), p. 135.

  4. 4.

    Pérez Triviño (2013).

  5. 5.

    Palomar Olmeda and Rodríguez García (2012).

  6. 6.

    Information available at the International Olympic Committee (IOC) webpage: http://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-selects-three-cities-as-candidates-for-the-2020-olympic-games/166288 (last accessed 3 May 2014).

  7. 7.

    Tokyo was finally selected. Information available at the International Olympic Committee (IOC) webpage: http://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-selects-three-cities-as-candidates-for-the-2020-olympic-games/166288 (last accessed 3 May 2014).

  8. 8.

    Atienza Macías (2014), pp. 138–142.

  9. 9.

    You can see the full text in the Official Gazette of the Government of Spain (BOE) No. 148, 21 June 2013. Available at: http://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2013/06/21/pdfs/BOE-A-2013-6732.pdf (last accessed 3 May 2014).

  10. 10.

    Palomar Olmeda (2011).

  11. 11.

    Pérez González (2008).

  12. 12.

    Millán Garrido (2005)

  13. 13.

    Some of the changes were foreseen by Muñoz Merino A «Presente y futuro de la lucha antidopaje en España», Speech at the conference organised by the Norwegian Antidoping Agency: “Doping in elite sports. What can we learn from major international doping cases?”, Oslo, Norway, 10 June 2013. Available at: http://www.aea.gob.es/media/392654/presente%20y%20futuro%20lucha%20antidopaje%20oslo%202013%20espa%C3%B1ol.pdf (last accessed 3 May 2014).

  14. 14.

    A website devoted to the organisation’s aims has been created as a useful platform for information, collaboration and participation for all persons and entities who claim clean sports. Available at: http://www.aepsad.gob.es/ (last accessed 3 May 2014).

  15. 15.

    He is known by other institutions, such as Interpol or USADA, as “Lieutenant Bastida”, and he was responsible for the arrest of Dr. Eufemiano Fuentes; his colleagues discovered the blood bags. The research studied in this monograph is relevant.

  16. 16.

    Muñoz Merino (2013).

  17. 17.

    Muñoz Merino A «Presente y futuro de la lucha antidopaje en España», Conferencia pronunciada en el Seminario de la Agencia Noruega Antidopaje: “Doping in elite sports. What can we learn from major international doping cases?”, Oslo, Noruega, 10 June 2013. Available at: http://www.aea.gob.es/media/392654/presente%20y%20futuro%20lucha%20antidopaje%20oslo%202013%20espa%C3%B1ol.pdf (last accessed 3 May 2014).

  18. 18.

    Judgment No. 144/13 issued by the Criminal Court No 21 of Madrid [Doña Julia Patricia Santamaría Matesanz, Magistrate-Judge of Criminal Court No. 21 of Madrid]. A very accurate comment about the mentioned verdict was published in Iusport: http://www.iusport.es/php2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2706&Itemid=27 (last accessed 3 May 2014).

  19. 19.

    Hardie (2010), pp. 135.

  20. 20.

    «Operación Puerto: La sentencia provoca críticas en todo el mundo», La Vanguardia, 1 May 2013. Available at: http://www.lavanguardia.com/deportes/futbol/20130501/54371717835/operacion-puerto-sentencia-criticas-en-todo-el-mundo.html. «Operación Puerto: Nadal critica la sentencia porque "beneficia a los tramposos"», La Vanguardia, 3 May 2013. Available at: http://www.lavanguardia.com/deportes/otros/20130503/54373786674/operacion-puerto-nadal-sentencia-tramposos.html (last accessed 3 May 2014).

  21. 21.

    Vernet Perna (2008).

  22. 22.

    WADA expressed the appeal’s interest through a brief statement on its website, available at: http://playtrue.wada-ama.org/news/operation-puerto-wada-files-statement-of-appeal-to-the-criminal-court-in-madrid/ (last accessed 3 May 2014).

  23. 23.

    Gamero Casado (2005).

  24. 24.

    Jones (2014), pp. 143–147.

  25. 25.

    World Antidoping Agency (2013).

  26. 26.

    European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) (2013).

  27. 27.

    Richard Young and Ulrich Haas—World Anti-Doping Code Review (November 2013).

  28. 28.

    World Antidoping Agency (2012).

  29. 29.

    VV AA (2013).

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Acknowledgments

This work is part of the Research Training Grant Programme from the Agency for Research Promotion and Management-DEIKER, at the University of Deusto. Likewise, this research has been made possible by the support of the Department of Education, Universities and Research of the Basque Government for supporting activities of research groups of the Basque university system with reference IT581-13. I take this opportunity to acknowledge all them for making this research possible.

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Correspondence to Elena Atienza-Macías.

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Atienza-Macías, E. 2015 WADA code comes into effect: significant changes in the Spanish legal arena. Int Sports Law J 15, 49–54 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40318-015-0071-y

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Keywords

  • Doping
  • World Anti-Doping Code
  • World Anti-Doping Agency
  • Spanish legislation
  • Spanish Agency for the Protection of Health in Sport
  • "Operation Puerto" doping case