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Effect of Renal Impairment on the Pharmacokinetics of Pradigastat, a Novel Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase1 (DGAT1) Inhibitor

Abstract

Background and Objective

Pradigastat, a diacylglycerol acyltransferase1 inhibitor, is being developed for the treatment of familial chylomicronemia syndrome. The primary objective of this clinical study was to evaluate the effect of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of pradigastat.

Methods

In an open-label, parallel-group study, the single-dose (40 mg) pharmacokinetics of pradigastat were evaluated in patients with mild (n = 9), moderate (n = 10) and severe renal impairment (n = 9) compared with matched healthy subjects (n = 28). The protein binding and urinary excretion of pradigastat were also assessed in this study.

Results

In patients with mild and moderate renal impairment the geometric means of the maximum plasma concentration (C max) and the area under the plasma concentration–time curve from time zero to infinity (AUCinf) of pradigastat were similar as compared with healthy subjects. In patients with severe renal impairment, the geometric means of the C max and AUCinf increased by 40 % [geometric mean ratio 1.41; 90 % confidence interval (CI) 0.92–2.14] and 18 % (geometric mean ratio 1.18; 90 % CI 0.68–2.05), respectively. There was no significant correlation between renal function (measured by creatinine clearance) and C max or AUCinf. Protein binding values were >99 % and the urinary excretion of pradigastat was minimal in all subjects. There were no severe adverse events in the study and mild transient diarrhoea was the most common adverse event. The safety profile was similar between patients with renal impairment and healthy subjects.

Conclusion

There was no change in the pharmacokinetics of pradigastat in patients with mild and moderate renal impairment. In patients with severe renal impairment, the mean exposure C max and AUCinf of pradigastat were increased by 40 and 18 %, respectively.

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Acknowledgments

We thank all the clinical investigators and study coordinators at the participating centres, and all the study participants. We would like to thank Andrew Joyson who is an ex-employee of Novartis. Andrew was the clinical trial lead for this study and was responsible for conducting the operational and reporting activities as the study lead. Andrew also contributed in the development and review of the manuscript. We also thank Mayurika Dutta, Novartis Healthcare Pvt. Ltd., India, for medical writing and editorial support.

Conflict of interest/disclosure

SM, DM, PP, TL, SR, GS and JC are full-time employee of Novartis. TM was a full-time employee of Novartis during the study conduct and manuscript development. Currently, TM is a full-time employee of Alcon Laboratories, Inc.

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Correspondence to Jin Chen.

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Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT01558323.

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Mita, S., Meyers, D., Pal, P. et al. Effect of Renal Impairment on the Pharmacokinetics of Pradigastat, a Novel Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase1 (DGAT1) Inhibitor. Clin Pharmacokinet 54, 751–760 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40262-015-0234-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40262-015-0234-x

Keywords

  • Pharmacokinetic Parameter
  • Renal Impairment
  • Severe Renal Impairment
  • Moderate Renal Impairment
  • Matched Healthy Control