Advertisement

Chemical Research in Chinese Universities

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 254–259 | Cite as

Synthesis and Thermodynamic Properties of M2L[M=Li, Na; L=3,6-Bis(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazol-5-yl-amino)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine]

  • Wenhui Zhang
  • Qing Liu
  • Yinghui Ren
  • Bin Yang
  • Xianbo Zhang
  • Chao Zhang
  • Haixia Ma
  • Fengqi Zhao
  • Rongzu Hu
Article

Abstract

Two novel energetic alkalic metal salts of 3,6-bis(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazol-5-yl-amino)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (BTATz), Li2(BTATz)·6H2O(compound 1) and Na2(BTATz)·2H2O(compound 2), have been synthesized by the reac-tion of BTATz with lithium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide in dimethylsulfoxide(DMSO) solution, respectively, and their structures were characterized by means of elemental analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry(FTIR). Moreover, the single-crystal structure of compound 1 was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. It crystal-lizes in the monoclinic space group P1/c. Furthermore, their thermal decomposition behaviors were investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry(DSC) and thermogravimetry-differential thermal gravimetry(TG-DTG). The results show that the exothermic decomposition peak temperatures for compounds 1 and 2 were 642.65 and 644.46 K, respectively, and the kinetic equations of the main exothermic decomposition were also derived from non-isothermal method. Additionally, the thermal safety of the two compounds was evaluated by calculating self-accelerating decomposition temperature(TSADT) and critical temperature of thermal explosion(Tb). The results(the TSADT and Tb values are 605.43 and 635.69 K for compound 1; 607.38 and 638.96 K for compound 2) reveal that the two compounds exhibit better thermal safety than BTATz.

Keywords

3,6-Bis(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazol-5-yl-amino)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine(BTATz) Alkalic metal salt Thermal behavior Thermodynamic property Thermal safety 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Dippold A., Klapotke T. M., Martin F. A., Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 2011, 637, 1181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Huang H. F., Zhou Z. M., Liang L. X., Song J. R., Wang K., Cao D., Bian C. M., Sun W. W., Xue M., Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 2012, 638, 392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Myers T. W., Bjorgaard J. A., Brown K. E., Chavez D. E., Hanson S. K., Scharff R. J., Tretiak S., Veautheir J. M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2016, 138, 4685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Ren Y. H., Li W., Zhang X. B., Zhao F. Q., Yi J. H., Ma H. X., Xu K. Z., Song J. R., Chin. J. Appl. Chem., 2013, 30, 1036Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Zhang J. G., Liang Y. H., Feng J. L., Wang K., Zhang T. L., Zhang Z. N., Yang L., Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 2012, 638, 1212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Yi J. H., Zhao F. Q., Ren Y. H., Wang B. Z., Zhou C., Ren X. N., Xu S. Y., Hao H. X., Hu R. Z., J. Therm. Anal. Calorium, 2011, 104, 1029CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Wang Y. L., Zhao F. Q., Xu K. Z., Ji Y. P., Yi J. H., Chen B., An T., Inorg. Chim. Acta, 2013, 405, 505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Hickey M. A., Chavez D. E., Naud D., Preparation of 3,3′-Azobis(6-amino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine), US6342589P, 2002 Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Hickey M. A., Chavez D. E., Naud D., 3,6-Bis(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazol- 5-ylamino)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine or Salt Thereof, US6657059P, 2003 Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Yue S. T., Yang S. Q., Chin. J. Energy. Mater., 2004, 12, 155Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Wang B. Z., Lai W. P., Liu Q., Lian P., Xue Y. Q., Chin. J. Org. Chem., 2008, 28, 422Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Saikia A., Sivabalan R., Polke B. G., Gore G. M., Singh A., Rao A. S., Sikder A. K., J. Hazard. Mater., 2009, 170, 306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Zhang X. G., Zhu H., Yang S. Q., Zhang W., Zhao F. Q., Liu Z. R., Pan Q., Chin J. Prop. Technol., 2007, 28, 322Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Li N., Zhao F. Q., Luo Y., Mao H. C., Xiao L. B., Gao H. X., An T., Hu R. Z., J. Solution Chem., 2014, 43, 1250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Yi J. H., Zhao F. Q., Wang B. Z., An T., Wang Y., Gao H. X., J. Therm. Anal. Calor, 2014, 115, 1227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Naud D., Hiskey M. A., Proc. Combust. Inst., 2000, 28, 919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Hickey M. A., Chavez D. E., Naud D., Low-smoke Pyrotechnic Compositions, US 6312537P, 2001 Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Li S. W., Zhao F. Q., Yuan C., Luo Y., Gao Y., Chin. J. Solid Rocket Tech., 2002, 25, 36Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Hickey M. A., Chavez D. E., Naud D., Propellant Containing 3,6-Bis(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazol-5-yl-amino)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine or Salts Thereof, US6458227P, 2002 Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Wu B., Yang H. W., Tang Y. X., Wang Z. X., Lu C. X., Cheng G. B., J. Energ. Mater., 2015, 33, 180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Ma C., Huang J., Ma H. X., Xu K. Z., Lv X. Q., Song J. R., Zhao N. N., He J. Y., Zhao Y. S., J. Mol. Struct., 2013, 1036, 521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Zhou T. H., Wang X. H., Xu K. Z., Song J. R., Zhao F. Q., Inorg. Chim. Acta, 2016, 453, 149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Guo J. J., Huang J., Song J. R., Miao K. H., Cao W. L., Chem. Res. Chinese Universities, 2016, 32(5), 812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Wang Y. L., Zhao F. Q., Ji Y. P., Yi J. H., Wang W., Xu S. Y., An T., Pei Q., Chem. Res. Chinese Universities, 2014, 30(3), 468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Wang S. W., Wu B. D., Yang L., Zhang T. L., Zhou Z. N., Zhang J. G., Chem. Res. Chinese Universities, 2012, 28(4), 585Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    Wang Y. L., Zhao F. Q., Ji Y. P., Pan Q., Yi J. H., An T., Wang W., Yu T., Lu X. M., J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol., 2012, 98, 231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Jin X. H., Hu B. C., Liu Z. L., J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2015, 26, 124Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Li W., Ren Y. H., Zhao P. Q., Zhang X. B., Ma H. X., Yu K. Z., Wang B. Z., J. Functional Mater., 2013, 22, 3326Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    Yi J. H., Zhao F. Q., Wang B. Z., Liu Q., Zhou C., Hu R. Z., Xu S. Y., Zhang L. Y., Ren X. N., J. Hazard. Mater., 2010, 181, 432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Zhang X. B., Ren Y. H., Li W., Zhao F. Q., Wang B. Z., Song J. R., Chem. Res. Chinese Universities, 2013, 29(4), 627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Zhang X. B., Ren Y. H., Li W., Zhao F. Q., Yi J. H., Wang B. Z., Song J. R., J. Coord. Chem., 2013, 66, 2051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Liu Q., Yang B., Yang J., Ren Y. H., Zhang X. B., Ma H. X., Xu K. Z., Zhao F. Q., Hu R. Z., J. Coord. Chem., 2017, 70, 2249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Zhang X. B., Study of High Nitrogen TetrazineBTATz Metal Salts/complexes, Northwest Universities, Xi’an, 2013 Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    Hu Y., Theoretical Study on the Interaction Between s-Tetrazine Compounds, Northwest Universities, Xi’an, 2010 Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    Dolomanov O. V., Bourhis L. J., Gildea R. J., Howard J. A., Pusch-mann H., J. Appl. Cryst., 2009, 42, 339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    Sheldrick G. M., Acta Cryst., 2015, 71, 3Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    Zhao F. Q., Hu R. Z., Gao H. X., Ma H. X., New Development in hazardous Materials Research, Nova Science Publishers Inc., New York, 2006, 4 Google Scholar
  38. [38]
    Ren Y. H., Li D., Yi J. H., Zhao F. Q., Ma H. X., Xu K. Z., Song J. R., Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 2010, 31, 1988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    Ma H. X., Song J. R., Zhao F. Q., Hu R. Z., Xiao H. M., J. Chem. Phys., 2007, 111, 8642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    Xu K. Z., Song J. R., Zhao F. Q., Chao Z. H., Ma H. X., Hu R. Z., Gao H. X., Huang J., Acta Chim. Sinica, 2007, 65, 2827Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jilin University, The Editorial Department of Chemical Research in Chinese Universities and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenhui Zhang
    • 1
  • Qing Liu
    • 1
  • Yinghui Ren
    • 1
  • Bin Yang
    • 1
  • Xianbo Zhang
    • 1
  • Chao Zhang
    • 1
  • Haixia Ma
    • 1
  • Fengqi Zhao
    • 2
  • Rongzu Hu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringNorthwest UniversityXi’anP. R. China
  2. 2.Xi’an Modern Chemistry Research InstituteXi’anP. R. China

Personalised recommendations