Correlation between drinking water fluoride and TSH hormone by ANNs and ANFIS
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Artificial neural networks (ANNs) and adaptive neural-fuzzy Inference system (ANFIS) are the best solutions to finding the correlation between some water parameters and human hormones. The correlation between thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and drinking water fluoride studied by ANNS and ANFIS models in Yazd city.
In this study, eighty people with thyroid gland disorder and 213 healthy people invited. Their thyroid hormones and fluoride drinking water analyzed.
The result of ANFIS showed R2 = 0.81 for test and R2 = 0.85 for train in all cases and controls data. This results were R2 = 0.73 and R2 = 0.81 for ANNs respectively.
This models can be used as an alternative for show correlation between Drinking Water Fluoride and TSH Hormone and R2 = 0.85 gained from ANFIS was the best.
KeywordsFluoride Drinking water Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) Artificial neural networks (ANNS) Adaptive neural-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS)
Adaptive neural-fuzzy inference system
Artificial neural networks
Normalized root-mean-square deviation
- Train GD
- Train GDA
Gradient descent with adaptive learning rate back propagation
- Train GDX
Variable Learning Rate Back propagation
- Train LM
- Train SCG
Scaled Conjugate Gradient
Thyroid stimulating hormone
Yazd Healthy Study
We acknowledge Yazd Healthy Study participants who gave us their time and drinking water samples.
ZKH and MHE was the main investigator, collected the data, MM, MM and AHM supervised the study. MK and RA and HF were advisors of the study. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
This research was supported by Yazd University of Medical Sciences.
Compliance with ethical standards
This study is Compliance with Ethical Standards. This study funded by Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
Case and control people choses with their consent and have been informed about study and they invited for Thyroid hormones test. Their thyroid hormones analyze in Yazd Central Laboratory.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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