Thermal Shock Behavior Analysis of Tungsten-Armored Plasma-Facing Components for Future Fusion Reactor
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In a fusion reactor, plasma-facing components (PFCs) will suffer severe thermal shock; behavior and performance of PFCs under high heat flux (HHF) loads are of major importance for the long-term stable operation of the reactor. This work investigates the thermo-mechanical behaviors of tungsten armor under high heat loads by the method of finite element modeling and simulating. The temperature distribution and corresponding thermal stress changing rule under different HHF are analyzed and deduced. The Manson–Coffin equation is employed to evaluate the fatigue lifetime (cyclic times of HHF loading) of W-armored first wall under cyclic HHF load. The results are useful for the formulation design and structural optimization of tungsten-armored PFCs for the future demonstration fusion reactor and China fusion experimental thermal reactor.
KeywordsPlasma-facing components Thermo-mechanical behavior High heat flux Tungsten armor Fatigue lifetime Finite element method
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial supports from the ITER-National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Program (Nos. 2014 GB123000 and 2010 GB109000) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51172016).
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