Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 171–179 | Cite as

Enhanced Microwave Absorption Properties of Double-Layer Absorbers Based on Spherical NiO and Co0.2Ni0.4Zn0.4Fe2O4 Ferrite Composites



Microwave absorption properties of spherical NiO particles and Co0.2Ni0.4Zn0.4Fe2O4 (CNZF) ferrites with single-layer and double-layer absorbers were studied in the frequency range of 2–18 GHz. The spherical NiO particles were synthesized by using a hydrothermal process, while the CNZF powders were prepared by using a sol–gel autoignition method. The double-layer absorbers, composed of 30 wt% NiO as matching layer and 30 wt% CNZF as absorption layer, with a total thickness of 3.2 mm, exhibited a maximum reflection loss (R L) of –67.0 dB at 9.2 GHz and an effective absorbing bandwidth below –10 dB to be 3.9 GHz from 7.0 to 10.9 GHz. The excellent microwave absorption performance of the double-layer absorbers should be ascribed to the high impedance matching ratio, the great microwave attenuation capability, and well-coupled layer.


Hierarchical NiO particle Ferrite Impedance matching Microwave absorption property 



This work was financially supported by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD), the Opening Project of Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Structural Materials and Application Technology (ASMA201405), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51672129), and Singapore MOE AcRF Tier 1 Project (Research ID 477).


  1. [1]
    Y. Zhang, Y. Huang, T. Zhang, H. Chang, P. Xiao, H. Chen, Z. Huang, Y. Chen, Adv. Mater. 27, 2049 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    F. Shahzad, M. Alhabeb, C.B. Hatter, B. Anasori, S.M. Hong, C.M. Koo, Y. Gogotsi, Science 353, 1137 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    M.S. Cao, W.L. Song, Z.L. Hou, B. Wen, J. Yuan, Carbon 48, 788 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    B. Wen, M.S. Cao, Z.L. Hou, W.L. Song, L. Zhang, M.M. Lu, H.B. Jin, X.Y. Fang, W.Z. Wang, J. Yuan, Carbon 65, 124 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    B. Wen, X.X. Wang, W.Q. Cao, H.L. Shi, M.M. Lu, G. Wang, H.B. Jin, W.Z. Wang, J. Yuan, M.S. Cao, Nanoscale 6, 5754 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    X.J. Zhang, G.S. Wang, W.Q. Cao, Y.Z. Wei, J.F. Liang, L. Guo, M.S. Cao, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 7471 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    C. Srinivas, S.S. Meena, B.V. Tirupanyam, D.L. Sastry, S.M. Yusuf, AIP Conf. Proc. 1512, 338 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    X. Cai, J. Wang, B. Li, A. Wu, B. Xu, B. Wang, H. Gao, L. Yu, Z. Li, J. Alloys Compd. 657, 608 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    S. Bai, X. Shen, X. Zhong, Y. Liu, G. Zhu, X. Xu, K. Chen, Carbon 50, 2337 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    V. Sunny, P. Kurian, P. Mohanan, P.A. Joy, M.R. Anantharaman, J. Alloys Compd. 489, 297 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    S. Sutradhar, K. Mukhopadhyay, S. Pati, S. Das, D. Das, P.K. Chakrabarti, J. Alloys Compd. 576, 126 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    M. Fu, Q. Jiao, Y. Zhao, H. Li, J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 735 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    P. Liu, Z. Yao, J. Zhou, Z. Yang, L.B. Kong, J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 9738 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    P. Liu, L. Li, Z. Yao, J. Zhou, M. Du, T. Yao, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27, 7776 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    P. Liu, Z. Yao, J. Zhou, High Perform. Polym. 28, 1033 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    X. Yan, X. Tong, J. Wang, C. Gong, M. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Alloys Compd. 556, 56 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Z. Skoufa, E. Heracleous, A.A. Lemonidou, J. Catal. 322, 118 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    H.J. Kim, J.H. Lee, Sens. Actuators B-Chem. 192, 607 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    T. Yu, X. Cheng, X. Zhang, L. Sui, Y. Xu, S. Gao, H. Zhao, L. Huo, J. Mater. Chem. A 3, 11991 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    T. Xia, C. Zhang, N.A. Oyler, X. Chen, Adv. Mater. 25, 6905 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    H.J. Yang, W.Q. Cao, D.Q. Zhang, T.J. Su, H.L. Shi, W.Z. Wang, J. Yuan, M.S. Cao, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 7073 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    G.S. Gund, D.P. Dubal, S.S. Shinde, C.D. Lokhande, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 3176 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    B. Liu, H. Yang, A. Wei, H. Zhao, L. Ning, C. Zhang, S. Liu, Appl. Catal. B-Environ. 172–173, 165 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    X. San, G. Wang, B. Liang, J. Ma, D. Meng, Y. Shen, J. Alloys Compd. 636, 357 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    H. Wu, L. Wang, S. Guo, Z. Shen, Appl. Phys. A 108, 439 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    X.H. Ren, H.Q. Fan, Y.K. Cheng, Appl. Phys. A 122, 506 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    X.Q. Shen, H.B. Liu, Z. Wang, X.Y. Qian, M.X. Jing, X.C. Yang, Chin. Phys. B 23, 078101 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    S. Das, G.C. Nayak, S.K. Sahu, P.C. Routray, A.K. Roy, H. Baskey, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 377, 111 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    P. Liu, Z. Yao, J. Zhou, Ceram. Int. 41, 13409 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Q. Dai, M. Lam, S. Swanson, R.H.R. Yu, D.J. Milliron, T. Topuria, P.O. Jubert, A. Nelson, Langmuir 26, 17546 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    H. Bi, S.D. Li, Y.C. Zhang, Y.W. Du, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 277, 363 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    S. Sutradhar, S. Das, P.K. Chakrabarti, Mater. Lett. 95, 145 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    B. Zhao, W. Zhao, G. Shao, B. Fan, R. Zhang, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 12951 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    M.M. Lu, M.S. Cao, Y.H. Chen, W.Q. Cao, J. Liu, H.L. Shi, D.Q. Zhang, W.Z. Wang, J. Yuan, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 19408 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    M.S. Cao, J. Yang, W.L. Song, D.Q. Zhang, B. Wen, H.B. Jin, Z.L. Hou, J. Yuan, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4, 6949 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    W.Q. Cao, X.X. Wang, J. Yuan, W.Z. Wang, M.S. Cao, J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 10017 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    H. Wang, Y.Y. Dai, D.Y. Geng, S. Ma, D. Li, J. An, J. He, W. Liu, Z.D. Zhang, Nanoscale 7, 17312 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    H. Wang, Z. Yan, J. An, J. He, Y. Hou, H. Yu, N. Ma, G. Yu, D. Sun, RSC Adv. 6, 92152 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    T. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Pang, S. Kobayashi, J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1727 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    P. Liu, V.M.H. Ng, Z. Yao, J. Zhou, Y. Lei, Z. Yang, L.B. Kong, J. Alloys Compd. 701, 841 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    P. Liu, Z. Yao, J. Zhou, RSC Adv. 5, 93739 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    P. Liu, Z. Yao, J. Zhou, Ceram. Int. 42, 9241 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    Y. Yong, Y. Yang, X. Wen, D. Jun, J. Appl. Phys. 115, 17A521 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    C. Wei, X. Shen, F. Song, Y. Zhu, Y. Wang, Mater. Des. 35, 363 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Y.C. Qing, W.C. Zhou, F. Luo, D.M. Zhu, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 323, 600 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. [46]
    G.Z. Shen, M. Xu, Z. Xu, Double-layer microwave absorber based on ferrite and short carbon fiber composites. Mater. Chem. Phys. 105, 268 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [47]
    X. Zhang, W. Sun, Cem. Concr. Compos. 32, 726 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    C. Hou, T. Li, T. Zhao, W. Zhang, Y. Cheng, Mater. Des. 33, 413 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    Q.Q. Ni, G.J.H. Melvin, T. Natsuki, Ceram. Int. 41, 9885 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [50]
    B. Wen, M. Cao, M. Lu, W. Cao, H. Shi, J. Liu, X. Wang, H. Jin, X. Fang, W. Wang, J. Yuan, Adv. Mater. 26, 3484 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. [51]
    H. Lv, G. Ji, W. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Du, J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 10232 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. [52]
    X. Wang, X. Huang, Z. Chen, X. Liao, C. Liu, B. Shi, J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 10146 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Chinese Society for Metals and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pei-Jiang Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zheng-Jun Yao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vincent Ming Hong Ng
    • 3
  • Jin-Tang Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhi-Hong Yang
    • 1
  • Ling-Bing Kong
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Materials and TechnologyNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Structural Materials and Application TechnologyNanjingChina
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations