Effect of processing parameters on in situ screen printing-assisted synthesis and electrical properties of Ti3SiC2-based structures


This work reports on the development of pastes containing Ti, TiC, Si, and C elementary powders for in situ synthesis of Ti3SiC2 via screen printing. Four paste compositions were manufactured using two powder mixtures (Ti/Si/C and Ti/TiC/Si/C) with different stoichiometry. The pastes were screen printed onto Al2O3 substrates and sintered at 1400 ℃ in argon varying the dwell time from 1 to 5 h. The printed pastes containing TiC and excess of Si exhibited the lowest surface roughness and after 5 h sintering comprised of Ti3SiC2 as the majority phase. The electrical conductivity of this sample was found to range from 4.63×104 to 2.57×105 S·m–1 in a temperature range of 25–400 ℃.


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The authors thank the Central Laboratory of Electronic Microscopy (LCME-UFSC) and the multiuser facility LDRX at UFSC. This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brazil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001, under Project number 88881.310728/2018-01 and by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq-Brazil), Project number PVE-CNPq-407102/2013-2.

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Correspondence to Carlos R. Rambo.

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Lorenz, M., Travitzky, N. & Rambo, C.R. Effect of processing parameters on in situ screen printing-assisted synthesis and electrical properties of Ti3SiC2-based structures. J Adv Ceram 10, 129–138 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-020-0427-0

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  • MAX phases
  • Ti3SiC2
  • screen printing
  • in situ synthesis
  • electrical conductivity