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Journal of Advanced Ceramics

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 178–183 | Cite as

Synthesis and formation mechanism of titanium lead carbide

  • C. Ling
  • W. B. Tian
  • P. Zhang
  • W. Zheng
  • Y. M. Zhang
  • Z. M. Sun
Open Access
Research Article

Abstract

Ti2PbC was synthesized for the first time by pressureless reaction synthesis using Ti/Pb/TiC as starting materials at a heating rate of 2 °C/min and holding at 1370 °C for 2 h in a tube furnace protected by Ar atmosphere. The effects of starting powders, heating rates, and holding temperatures on the formation of Ti2PbC were investigated. It was found that elementary mixture of Ti/Pb/C or higher heating rates fail to form Ti2PbC. The decreased lattice parameters in the synthesized Ti2PbC indicated the existence of Pb vacancies in the compound. A reaction mechanism was proposed to explain the formation of Ti2PbC.

Keywords

Ti2PbC MAX phase differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) thermal stability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is supported by the grants from National Natural Science Foundation (Nos. 51731004, 51501038, and 51671054) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities in China.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Open Access The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic Materials, School of Materials Science and EngineeringSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Construction Materials, School of Materials Science and EngineeringSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina

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