Journal of Advanced Ceramics

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 110–119 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of high-performance ZrB2–SiC–Cf composites sintered at 1450 °C

  • Wenhu Hong
  • Kaixuan Gui
  • Ping Hu
  • Xinghong Zhang
  • Shun Dong
Open Access
Research Article

Abstract

ZrB2–SiC–Cf composites containing 20–50 vol% short carbon fibers were hot pressed at low sintering temperature (1450 °C) using nanosized ZrB2 powders, in which the fiber degradation was effectively inhibited. The strain-to-failure values of such composites increased with increasing fiber content, and the value for the composite with 50 vol% Cf was even more than 3 times higher than that of the composite with 20 vol% Cf. Furthermore, the composite exhibited non-brittle fracture mode when the fiber content was above 30 vol%, and the thermal shock critical temperature difference of the composite with 30 vol% Cf was up to 727 °C, revealing excellent thermal shock resistance of this composite. Additionally, ZrB2–SiC–Cf composites displayed good oxidation resistance when the fiber content was below 40 vol%, suggesting that this method provides a promising way for preparation of high-performance ZrB2–SiC–Cf composites at low temperature.

Keywords

ceramics fibers microstructure thermal shock resistance oxidation resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support of this work was provided by the Innovative Research Group of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11421091), the National Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (No. 51525201), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. HIT.BRETIII.201506).

References

  1. [1]
    Guo S-Q. Densification of ZrB2-based composites and their mechanical and physical properties: A review. J Eur Ceram Soc 2009, 29: 995–1011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Lin J, Huang Y, Zhang H. Crack-healing and pre-oxidation behavior of ZrO2 fiber toughened ZrB2-based ceramics. Int J Refract Met H 2015, 48: 5–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Zou J, Zhang G-J, Shen Z-J, et al. Ultra-low temperature reactive spark plasma sintering of ZrB2hBN ceramics. J Eur Ceram Soc 2016, 36: 3637–3645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Zamharir MJ, Asl MS, Vafa NP, et al. Significance of hot pressing parameters and reinforcement size on densification behavior of ZrB2–25 vol% SiC UHTCs. Ceram Int 2015, 41: 6439–6447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Zhang X, Liu R, Xiong X, et al. Mechanical properties and ablation behavior of ZrB2–SiC ceramics fabricated by spark plasma sintering. Int J Refract Met H 2015, 48: 120–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Wang Z, Wang S, Zhang X, et al. Effect of graphite flake on microstructure as well as mechanical properties and thermal shock resistance of ZrB2–SiC matrix ultrahigh temperature ceramics. J Alloys Compd 2009, 484: 390–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Monteverde F. Beneficial effects of an ultra-fine α-SiC incorporation on the sinterability and mechanical properties of ZrB2. Appl Phys A 2006, 82: 329–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Wang Z, Wu Z, Shi G. Fabrication, mechanical properties and thermal shock resistance of a ZrB2–graphite ceramic. Int J Refract Met H 2011, 29: 351–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Silvestroni L, Sciti D, Melandri C, et al. Toughened ZrB2-based ceramics through SiC whisker or SiC chopped fiber additions. J Eur Ceram Soc 2010, 30: 2155–2164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Lin J, Zhang X, Wang Z, et al. Microstructure and mechanical properties of ZrB2–SiC–ZrO2f ceramic. Scripta Mater 2011, 64: 872–875.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Yang F, Zhang X, Han J, et al. Mechanical properties of short carbon fiber reinforced ZrB2–SiC ceramic matrix composites. Mater Lett 2008, 62: 2925–2927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Zhu S, Fahrenholtz WG, Hilmas GE, et al. Pressureless sintering of carbon-coated zirconium diboride powders. Mat Sci Eng A 2007, 459: 167–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Zhou SB, Wang Z, Sun X, et al. Microstructure, mechanical properties and thermal shock resistance of zirconium diboride containing silicon carbide ceramic toughened by carbon black. Mater Chem Phys 2010, 122: 470–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Balak Z, Asl MS, Azizieh M, et al. Effect of different additives and open porosity on fracture toughness of ZrB2–SiC-based composites prepared by SPS. Ceram Int 2017, 43: 2209–2220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Asl MS, Golmohammadi F, Kakroudi MG, et al. Synergetic effects of SiC and Csf in ZrB2-based ceramic composites. Part I: Densification behavior. Ceram Int 2016, 42: 4498–4506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Balak Z, Zakeri M, Rahimipour M, et al. Taguchi design and hardness optimization of ZrB2-based composites reinforced with chopped carbon fiber and different additives and prepared by SPS. J Alloys Compd 2015, 639: 617–625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Asl MS, Kakroudi MG, Farahbakhsh I, et al. Synergetic effects of SiC and Csf in ZrB2-based ceramic composites. Part II: Grain growth. Ceram Int 2016, 42: 18612–18619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Yadhukulakrishnan GB, Rahman A, Karumuri S, et al. Spark plasma sintering of silicon carbide and multi-walled carbon nanotube reinforced zirconium diboride ceramic composite. Mat Sci Eng A 2012, 552: 125–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Asl MS, Farahbakhsh I, Nayebi B. Characteristics of multi-walled carbon nanotube toughened ZrB2–SiC ceramic composite prepared by hot pressing. Ceram Int 2016, 42: 1950–1958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Asl MS, Kakroudi MG, Kondolaji RA, et al. Influence of graphite nano-flakes on densification and mechanical properties of hot-pressed ZrB2–SiC composite. Ceram Int 2015, 41: 5843–5851.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Yadhukulakrishnan GB, Karumuri S, Rahman A, et al. Spark plasma sintering of graphene reinforced zirconium diboride ultra-high temperature ceramic composites. Ceram Int 2013, 39: 6637–6646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Asl MS, Kakroudi MG. Characterization of hot-pressed graphene reinforced ZrB2–SiC composite. Mat Sci Eng A 2015, 625: 385–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Song G-M, Li Q, Wen G-W, et al. Mechanical properties of short carbon fiber-reinforced TiC composites produced by hot pressing. Mat Sci Eng A 2002, 326: 240–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Silvestroni L, Fabbriche DD, Melandri C, et al. Relationships between carbon fiber type and interfacial domain in ZrB2-based ceramics. J Eur Ceram Soc 2016, 36: 17–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Yang F, Zhang X, Han J, et al. Processing and mechanical properties of short carbon fibers toughened zirconium diboride-based ceramics. Mater Design 2008, 29: 1817–1820.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Yang F, Zhang X, Han J, et al. Mechanical properties of short carbon fiber reinforced ZrB2–SiC ceramic matrix composites. Mater Lett 2008, 62: 2925–2927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Yang F, Zhang X, Han J, et al. Characterization of hot-pressed short carbon fiber reinforced ZrB2–SiC ultra-high temperature ceramic composites. J Alloys Compd 2009, 472: 395–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Guo S, Naito K, Kagawa Y. Mechanical and physical behaviors of short pitch-based carbon fiber-reinforced HfB2–SiC matrix composites. Ceram Int 2013, 39: 1567–1574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Zamora V, Ortiz AL, Guiberteau F, et al. Crystal-size dependence of the spark-plasma-sintering kinetics of ZrB2 ultra-high-temperature ceramics. J Eur Ceram Soc 2012, 32: 271–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Zamora V, Ortiz AL, Guiberteau F, et al. Spark-plasma sintering of ZrB2 ultra-high-temperature ceramics at lower temperature via nanoscale crystal refinement. J Eur Ceram Soc 2012, 32: 2529–2536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Walker LS, Pinc WR, Corral EL. Powder processing effects on the rapid low-temperature densification of ZrB2–SiC ultra-high temperature ceramic composites using spark plasma sintering. J Am Ceram Soc 2012, 95: 194–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Lee S-H, Yun J-Y, Oh HC, et al. Low temperature densification of ZrB2 by the mechanical pre-treatment of particles. J Ceram Soc Jpn 2013, 121: 480–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Zimmermann JW, Hilmas GE, Fahrenholtz WG. Thermal shock resistance of ZrB2 and ZrB2–30% SiC. Mater Chem Phys 2008, 112: 140–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Silvestroni L, Sciti D, Melandri C, et al. Toughened ZrB2-based ceramics through SiC whisker or SiC chopped fiber additions. J Eur Ceram Soc 2010, 30: 2155–2164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    He X, Guo Y, Zhou Y, et al. Microstructures of short-carbon-fiber-reinforced SiC composites prepared by hot-pressing. Mater Charact 2008, 59: 1771–1775.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    Zheng G, Sano H, Suzuki K, et al. A TEM study of microstructure of carbon fiber/polycarbosilane-derived SiC composites. Carbon 1999, 37: 2057–2062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    Zhou X, You Y, Zhang C, et al. Effect of carbon fiber pre-heat-treatment on the microstructure and properties of Cf/SiC composites. Mat Sci Eng A 2006, 433: 104–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Sha JJ, Li J, Wang SH, et al. Toughening effect of short carbon fibers in the ZrB2–ZrSi2 ceramic composites. Mater Design 2015, 75: 160–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    Sciti D, Zoli L, Silvestroni L, et al. Design, fabrication and high velocity oxy-fuel torch tests of a Cf–ZrB2–fiber nozzle to evaluate its potential in rocket motors. Mater Design 2016, 109: 709–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    Nasiri Z, Mashhadi M, Abdollahi A. Effect of short carbon fiber addition on pressureless densification and mechanical properties of ZrB2–SiC–Csf nanocomposite. Int J Refract Met H 2015, 51: 216–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    Taylor D, Cornetti P, Pugno N, The fracture mechanics of finite crack extension. Eng Fract Mech 2005, 72: 1021–1038.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    Fabert KT, Evans AG. Crack deflection processes—I. Theory. Acta Metall 1983, 31: 565–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    Aldridge M, Yeomans JA. The thermal shock behaviour of ductile particle toughened alumina composites. J Eur Ceram Soc 1999, 19: 1769–1775.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    Wang Z, Hong C, Zhang X, et al. Microstructure and thermal shock behavior of ZrB2–SiC–graphite composite. Mater Chem Phys 2009, 113: 338–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Jin X, Zhang X, Han J, et al. Residual strength of a low-strength ceramic with a precrack induced by thermal shock. J Am Ceram Soc 2014, 97: 691–694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. [46]
    Jin X, Zhang X, Han J, et al. Thermal shock behavior of porous ZrB2–SiC ceramics. Mat Sci Eng A 2013, 588: 175–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [47]
    Zhou P, Wang Z, Fan Y, et al. Thermal shock resistance of laminated ZrB2–SiC ceramic evaluated by indentation technique. J Am Ceram Soc 2015, 98: 2866–2872.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    Sciti D, Silvestroni L, Saccone G, et al. Effect of different sintering aids on thermo-mechanical properties and oxidation of SiC fibers–Reinforced ZrB2 composites. Mater Chem Phys 2013, 137: 834–842.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    Hou Y, Hu P, Zhang X, et al. Effects of graphite flake diameter on mechanical properties and thermal shock behavior of ZrB2–nanoSiC–graphite ceramics. Int J Refract Met H 2013, 41: 133–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [50]
    Li W, Zhang Y, Zhang X, et al. Thermal shock behavior of ZrB2–SiC ultra-high temperature ceramics with addition of zirconia. J Alloys Compd 2009, 478: 386–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. [51]
    Hasselman DPH. Strength behavior of polycrystalline alumina subjected to thermal shock. J Am Ceram Soc 1970, 53: 490–495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Open Access The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenhu Hong
    • 1
  • Kaixuan Gui
    • 2
  • Ping Hu
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xinghong Zhang
    • 2
  • Shun Dong
    • 2
  1. 1.China Academy of Launch Vehicle TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Advanced Composites in Special EnvironmentsHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesHefeiChina

Personalised recommendations