Current Ophthalmology Reports

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 59–66 | Cite as

Advancements in Diagnostics with Glaucomatous and Other Optic Neuropathies

  • Mark P. Breazzano
  • Shaniece A. Walker
  • Reid A. Longmuir
Diagnosis and Monitoring of Glaucoma (R Kuchtey, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Diagnosis and Monitoring of Glaucoma


Purpose of Review

The goal of this article is to present updates to the physician with the latest developments in diagnosing and monitoring optic nerve diseases. Possible changes to clinical practice regarding these advancements are also explored.

Recent Findings

There has been substantial progress in research and clinical practice regarding diagnostic capabilities for optic neuropathies. Optical coherence tomographic angiography may soon have a particularly strong impact on transforming the way glaucomatous optic neuropathy is routinely evaluated. Multiple developments have also occurred regarding assessment of optic nerve structure via optical coherence tomography, functional testing with visual fields, neuroimaging, and laboratory investigation for a variety of optic neuropathies. New and basic clinical techniques for approaching uncommon optic nerve disease entities are also described.


Assessing optic neuropathies can be clinically challenging. The availability of a multitude of new approaches and diagnostics may assist the physician with more accurate diagnosis and monitoring capabilities.


Optic neuropathy diagnosis Optical coherence tomography Visual field algorithm Glaucoma monitoring 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark P. Breazzano
    • 1
  • Shaniece A. Walker
    • 2
  • Reid A. Longmuir
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Vanderbilt Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical CenterVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Meharry Medical CollegeNashvilleUSA
  3. 3.Divisions of Glaucoma and Neuro-Ophthalmology, Vanderbilt Eye Institute, Vanderbilt University Medical CenterVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA

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