An Investigation on FRP-Stay-in-Place Concrete Composite System for Sustainable Construction

Abstract

In fiber-reinforced polymer-stay-in-place (FRP-SIP) system, the FRP is structurally integrated with concrete to use as a permanent formwork that also provides tensile reinforcement to the member. The present work investigated, experimentally and numerically, the complex behavior of FRP-SIP composite system with a commercially available pultruded glass FRP section as permanent formwork. Beam and slab specimens were prepared in the laboratory with the glass FRP as permanent formwork. Flexure tests were carried out in order to understand the influence of FRP as a stay-in-place member on the load–displacement response and failure modes of the system. It was observed that the beams under flexural loading had improved flexural capacity due to FRP-SIP and failed predominantly in shear mode. Along with shear failure, delamination of the FRP was also observed in some cases. The results revealed that FRP-SIP system was capable of providing adequate flexural reinforcements to the concrete structural members and thus showed the ability of replacing steel reinforcements. A three-dimensional finite element (FE) model was developed for the FRP-SIP concrete, which was capable of capturing the multifaceted behavior of the composite system. The FE model was validated with the experimental results of the present work and also with that obtained from the literature.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17
Fig. 18
Fig. 19
Fig. 20
Fig. 21

References

  1. 1.

    A. Mukherjee, T. Boothby, C. Bakis, M. Joshi, S. Maitra, Mechanical behavior of fiber-reinforced polymer-wrapped concrete columns—complicating effects. J. Compos. Constr. 8(2), 97–103 (2004)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    A. Mukherjee, M. Joshi, FRPC reinforced concrete beam-column joints under cyclic excitation. Compos. Struct. 70(2), 185–199 (2005)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    A. Deb, S.K. Bhattacharyya, An investigation into the effect of bonding of FRP wrapped cylindrical concrete columns. J. Compos. Constr. ASCE 14(6), 53 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    S.K. Panigrahi, A. Deb, S.K. Bhattacharyya, Modes of failure in shear deficient RC T-beams strengthened with FRP. J. Compos. Constr. ASCE 20(1), 1–29 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    C. Bakis, L. Bank, V. Brown, E. Cosenza, J. Davalos, J. Lesko, Fiber-reinforced polymer composites for construction—state-of-the-art review. J. Compos. Constr. 6(2), 73–87 (2002)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    H. Wang, A. Belarbi, Flexural Behavior of Fiber-Reinforced-Concrete Beams Reinforced with FRP Rebars, vol. 230 (Special Publication, London, 2005).

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    A. Mukherjee, S.J. Arwikar, Performance of externally bonded GFRP sheets on concrete in tropical environments. Part I: structural scale tests. Compos. Struct. 81(1), 21–32 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    J.R. Hillman, T. M. Murray, Innovative floor systems for steel framed buildings, in Proceedings of lABSE Symposium, Mixed Structures including New Materials, Brussels, 60, Zurich, pp. 672–675 (1990)

  9. 9.

    N. Deskovic, T.C. Triantafillou, U. Meier, Innovative design of FRP combined with concrete: Short-term behaviour. J. Struct. Eng. 121(7), 1069–1078 (1995)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    J. Hall, J. Mottram, Combined FRP reinforcement and permanent formwork for concrete members. J. Compos. Constr. 2(2), 78–86 (1998)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    A. Fam, T. Skutezky, Composite T-beams using reduced-scale rectangular FRP tubes and concrete slabs. J. Compos. Constr. 10(2), 172–181 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    H. Honickman, A. Fam, Investigating a structural form system for concrete girders using commercially available GFRP sheet-pile sections. J. Compos. Constr. 13(5), 455–465 (2009)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    D. Dieter, J. Dietsche, L. Bank, M. Oliva, J. Russell, Concrete bridge decks constructed with fiber-reinforced polymer stay-in-place forms and grid reinforcing. Transp. Res. Rec. Transp. Res. Board 1814, 219–226 (2002)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    L. Bank, T. Ringelstetter, G.M. Oliva, J. Russel, F. Matta, A. Nanni, Development of a cost-effective structural FRP stay-in-place formwork system for accelerated and durable bridge deck construction. Constr. Build. Mater. 20, 515–526 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    L. Bank, M. Oliva, H.-U. Bae, J. Barker, S.-W. Yoo, Pultruded FRP plank as formwork and reinforcement for concrete members. Adv. Struct. Eng. 10(5), 525–535 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    M. Oliva, L. Bank, J. Russel, FRP Stay in place formwork for floor and deck. Constr Adv Struct Eng 10, 59 (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    T. Ringelstetter, L. Bank, M. Oliva, J. Russell, F. Matta, A. Nanni, Cost-effective, structural stay-in-place formwork system of fiber-reinforced polymer for accelerated and durable bridge deck construction. Transp. Res. Rec. Transp. Res. Board 1976, 183–189 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    J. He, Y. Liu, A. Chen, L. Dai, Experimental investigation of movable hybrid GFRP and concrete bridge deck. Constr. Build. Mater. 26(1), 49–64 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    M. Nelson, A. Eldridge, A. Fam, The effects of splices and bond on performance of bridge deck with FRP stay-in-place forms at various boundary conditions. Eng. Struct. 56, 509–516 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    R. Goyal, A. Mukherjee, S. Goyal, An investigation on bond between FRP stay-in-place formwork and concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 113, 741–751 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    R. Goyal, S. Goyal, A. Mukherjee, Pultruded fibre reinforced polymer planks as stay-in-place formwork for concrete structures. Curr. Sci. 113(2), 245–252 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    A. Fam, M. Nelson, New Bridge deck cast onto corrugated GFRP stay-in-place structural forms with interlocking connections. J. Compos. Constr. 16(1), 110–117 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    T. Keller, E. Schaumann, T. Vallée, Flexural behavior of a hybrid FRP and lightweight concrete sandwich bridge deck. Compos. A Appl. Sci. Manuf. 38(3), 879–889 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    P. Zhang, G. Wu, H. Zhu, S. Meng, Z. Wu, Mechanical performance of the wet-bond interface between FRP plates and cast-in-place concrete. J. Compos. Constr. 18(6), 04014016 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    R. Goyal, A. Mukherjee, S. Goyal, Bond between FRP formwork and concrete- effect of surface treatment and adhesives. Steel Compos. Struct 20(3), 671–692 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    T. Ozbakkaloglu, M. Saatcioglu, Seismic performance of high-strength concrete columns cast in stay-in-place FRP formwork, in 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, p. 2719 (2004)

  27. 27.

    X. Gai, Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Stay-in-Place (SIP) Participating Formwork for New Construction. Ph.D. thesis, University of Bath, UK (2012)

  28. 28.

    M.S. Nelson, A.Z. Fam, J.P. Busel, C.E. Bakis, A. Nanni, L.C. Bank, FRP stay-in-place structural forms for concrete bridge decks: a state-of-the-art review. ACI Struct. J. 111(5), 38 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    L. Cheng, L. Zhao, V. Karbhari, G. Hegemier, F. Seible, Assessment of a steel-free fiber reinforced polymer-composite modular bridge system. J. Struct. Eng. 131(3), 498–506 (2005)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    ASTM D 3039, Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials. ASTM International (2014)

  31. 31.

    ASTM D 2584, Standard Test Method for Ignition Loss of Cured Reinforced Resins. ASTM International (1994)

  32. 32.

    IS: 8112, Indian Standard Ordinary Portland Cement, 43 Grade-Specification Bureau of Indian Standards New Delhi (2013)

  33. 33.

    IS: 383, Indian Standard Specification for Coarse and Fine Aggregates from Natural Sources for Concrete Bureau of Indian Standards New Delhi (1997)

  34. 34.

    IS 4031 Part IV, Indian Standard Methods of Physical Tests for Hydraulic Cement Determination of Consistency of Standard Cement Paste Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi (1997)

  35. 35.

    IS 4031 Part VI, Methods of Physical Tests for Hydraulic Cement - Determination of Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement other than Masonry Cement Bureau of Indian Standards New Delhi (2006)

  36. 36.

    IS 2386 Part III, Indian Standard Methods of Test for Aggregates for Concrete - Specific Gravity, Density, Voids Absorption and Bulking Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi (2002)

  37. 37.

    IS: 2386 Part IV, Indian Standard Methods of Test for Aggregates for Concrete-Mechanical Properties Bureau of Indian Standards New Delhi (2002)

  38. 38.

    IS: 10262, Indian Standard Concrete Mix Proportioning - Guidelines Bureau of Indian Standards New Delhi (2009)

  39. 39.

    IS: 1199, Indian Standard Methods of Sampling and Analysis of Concrete Bureau of Indian Standards New Delhi (2004)

  40. 40.

    M. Pacify, Fiber Reinforced Polymer Stay-In-Place Composite System for Sustainable Construction, Ms Thesis, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (2018)

  41. 41.

    ABAQUS 6.11, User's Manual, Online Documentation, Abaqus/CAE

  42. 42.

    S. Popovics, A numerical approach to the complete stress-strain curves for concrete. Cem. Concr. Res. 3(5), 583–599 (1973)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  43. 43.

    D.A. Hordijk, Local approach to fatigue of concrete, Ph.D. thesis Technische Universiteit Delft, ISBN 90-9004519-8 (1991)

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Swati Maitra.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Marwein, P., Maitra, S. An Investigation on FRP-Stay-in-Place Concrete Composite System for Sustainable Construction. J. Inst. Eng. India Ser. A 102, 19–32 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40030-021-00510-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Fiber-reinforced polymer-stay-in-place
  • Permanent formwork
  • Composite
  • Flexure
  • Failure mode
  • Finite element